Establishment of Relations 1950
Brief History 

India and Nepal share a unique relationship of friendship and cooperation characterized by open borders and deep-rooted people-to-people contacts of kinship and culture. The India-Nepal Treaty of Peaceand Friendship of 1950 forms the bedrock of the special relations that exist between India and Nepal.

There are regular exchanges of high-level visits and interactions between India and Nepal.  In the past ten years, bilateral trade grew over six times. 
India and Nepal have wide-ranging cooperation in defence, agriculture, water resources, power exchange and the cultural sector.  

National Leaders – India

President – Shri Ramnath Kovind

Vice President – Shri Venkaiah Naidu

Prime Minister – Shri Narendra Modi

National Leaders – Nepal

President – Bidhya Devi Bhandari

Prime Minister -Khadga Prasad Oli  

Key Visits (President, VP, PM) to India

Prime Minister’s Visits:
19-24 February 2016
15-18 September 2016
15-17 October 2016
23-27 August 2017
06-08 April 2018

President’s Visits:
17-21 April 2017

Key Visits to Nepal

President’s Visits:
02-04 November 2016

Prime Minister’s Visits:
03-04 August 2014
25-27 November 2014
11-12 May 2018
30-31 August 2018

Main Treaties and Agreements

Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Standardization and Conformity Assessment 2017

LoC US$ 1 billion Agreement 2014 Twin City Agreement between Ayodhya-Janakpur 2014

Twin City Agreement between  Kathmandu-Varanasi 2014

Twin City Agreement between Lumbini-Bodh Gaya 2014

Treaty of Peace and Friendship 1950  


MoU on Modalities for Utilization of India’s Housing Grant Component to support Reconstruction of 50,000 Houses 2017

MoU for Implementation Arrangement on Cost Sharing, Schedules and Safeguard Issues for Construction of Mechi Bridge under ADB’s SASEC Road Connectivity Programme (Tranche 2), Funded by GoI 2017

MOU for Upgradation/Improvement of Road Infrastructure in Terai Area of Nepal 2016

MoU on utilization of US$ 250 million Grant component of GOI’s Assistance package for Post-earthquake reconstruction assistance 2016
MoU on Tourism 2014      

MoU Traditional Medicines 2014      
U on Youth Exchange 2014

Motor Vehicle Agreement (MVA) 2014  

Working Groups

India & Nepal joint working group on tourism

Nepal-India Boundary Working Group (BWG)Indo Nepal Joint Action Forum

Nepal-India Joint Agriculture Working Group

Bilateral Trade (2014-2018)

Total Trade-
2017-18- 7,051.34 in US$ million
2016-17- 5,898.72 in US$ million
2015-16- 4,373.29 in US$ million
2014-15- 5,198.68 in US$ million

Major Imports: (2017-18)
Polyester yarn, textiles,Jute goodsZinc sheet Packaged juice

Major Exports: (2017-18)
Petroleum products Motor vehicles and spare parts

Rice and paddy

Other machinery and parts


M. S. wires, roads, coils and bars  

Key Officials

Minister of External Affairs India – Dr Subrahmanyam Jaishankar

Minister of State for External Affairs India –Shri V. Muraleedharan

Foreign Secretary India –Shri Vijay Gokhale

Ambassador– India to Nepal-Manjeev Singh Puri

Ambassador – Nepal to India – Nilambar Acharya

YEARS 2018-2014 ONLY]


  1. Ministry of External Affairs,
    Government of India
  2. Ministry of Commerce, Government of
  3. Website
    of the Embassy of India in Kathmandu: