Courtry Overview

Land & Geography

Geographic Location – Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka —South Asia— island off the south-eastern cost shores of India, 880 km north of the equator, in the Indian Ocean

Area (Sq Km): 65,610 sq km

Boundaries:  Land:                                          Coastal:

Climate: Low lands – tropical, average 27°C Central Hills – cooler, with temperatures dropping to 14°C

Official Map of the Country

Source : Govt. of Sri Lanka

Natural Hazards: Floods, Tsunami, Landslide, Drought, Storm

Source: Ministry of Disaster Management, Sri Lanka

Government (Government of Sri Lanka)
Official Name: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Capital: Sri Jayewardenepura (Administrative) Colombo (Commercial)
Independent since: 1948
Type of Government: Presidential System
Head of the State: President
Head of Government: President
Constitution: Constitution (revised upto 2015) Elections/Due: 2020
Parliament Party Position: (Parliament of Sri Lanka)

Name of political party Number of Seats obtained at the Election
United National Party 106
United People’s Freedom Alliance  95
Ilankai Tamil Arasu Kadchi 16
People’s Liberation Front 6
Eelam People’s Democratic Party 1
Sri Lanka Muslim Congress 1

Principal Political Parties with Leaders: List of Parties with leaders (Election Commission of Sri Lanka)

People & Society (Government of Sri Lanka)

Total Population: 20.3 million (2011 est)                                                                                    

Density per Sq. Km: 296 people per sq km

Ethnic Groups: Sinhalese (74%), Sri Lankan Tamils (12.6%), Indian Tamils (5.5%), Moors, Malays, Burghers (of Portuguese & Dutch descent) and others (7.9%)                                                                                      

Official Languages: Sinhala, Tamil and English

Religion: Buddhists (69.3%), Hindus (15.5%), Muslims (7.6%) and Christians (7.5%)

Literacy: 88.6%

Life Expectancy: 76.4 female, 71.7 male (2001 est)           

Male/Female Ratio: 93.7 men for 100 women (2012) (Gender Statistics, 2014)

Economy

Official Currency: Sri Lanka Rupee                

GDP (Current Price): 87.2 US$ Billion (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)

GDP (PPP): 0.22% (IMF Data Mapper)

Real GDP (Growth Rate): 3.1% (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)

Per Capita GDP (Market Price): 4,065 (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)

Public Debt:  77.6% of GDP (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)

Rate of Inflation: 7.7 % NCPI December 2017 (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)

Foreign Exchange Reserves: 8.0 US$ Billion (Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)

Current Account Deficit: 2,309 US$ Million
(Central Bank of Sri Lanka 2017)    
Rate of Savings: 27.5 %
(Central Bank of Sri Lanka, 2017)  
Foreign Trade (Export & Import): Total 32,340 US$ Million (Central Bank of Sri Lanka)
 
Major Items of Export: (Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka, 2002)

1. Garments
2. Tea
3. Precious and Semi-precious stones
4. Major coconut products like Copra, Coconut oil, Fresh nuts
5. Rubber

Major Items of Import:
(Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka, 2002)

1. Textile (including clothing)
2. Petroleum
3. Food and drink (rice, sugar, wheat)
4. Machinery and Equipment
5. Building materials

Major Trading Partners:
Export: (Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka, 2013)
A. U.S.
B. U.K.
C. Germany
D. India
E. Italy

Import:
(Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka, 2013)

1. India
2. China
3. UAE
4. Singapore
5. Japan
Trade Balance: -9,619  US$ Million
(Central Bank of Sri Lanka)    

Military & Security

Military Expenditure:
Total 1704 USD million Army
As Percentage of GDP: 2.04%
Manpower: Navy Major Equipment:
Manpower: Air Force Major Equipment:
Manpower: Major Equipment: