|Establishment of Relations||1947|
India has always striven for peaceful, friendly and cooperative relations with Pakistan for the past 70 years. The two countries established diplomatic relations in 1947 but complex issues such as the accession of princely states, refugee matters, Indus Water sharing, division of assets, safeguarding minorities located in Pakistan and so on emerged. The Indus Water Treaty of 1960 and grant of Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status for trade to Pakistan by India are indicators of consistent exhibition of goodwill by New Delhi.
Never the less, Pakistan has maintained adversarial relations resulting in three wars in 1948, 1965, 1971. Despite the Shimla Agreement of 1972 Pakistan indulged in violation of the Line of Control (LoC) in Kargil in 1999 but was evicted successfully by the Indian Armed Forces.
Today, the primary issue between the two countries is Pakistan sponsored terrorism particularly in Jammu and Kashmir. Despite signing the Lahore Declaration in 1999 and agreeing to cease fire on the Line of Control (LoC) in 2003, Pakistan has continued to support cross border terrorism. India’s continued outreach to Pakistan was reflected in the invitation to then Pak Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in May 2014 for his swearing-in ceremony. This was followed by an impromptu visit by Prime Minister Modi to Lahore on 25 December 2015. However, the persistent cycle of terror by Pakistan such as Pathankot air base and Uri (2016) and Pulwama (2019), lack of follow up action on these as well as Mumbai 26/11/2008 terrorist attacks, despite firm evidence provided by India, has led to continued break in the relationship.
|National Leaders of India||Head of State: President Shri Ram Nath Kovind
Head of Government: Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi
|National Leaders of Pakistan||Head of State: President Dr. Arif Alvi 
Head of Government: Prime Minister Mr. Imran Ahmed Khan Niazi
|Key Visits to Pakistan
|Key Visits to India
|Main Treaties/Agreement And Dialogue||Ongoing discussions the modalities and draft Agreement for facilitation of Pilgrims on Kartarpur Sahib Corridor, July 2019
Major Bilateral Agreements:
Indus Waters Treaty, 1960
Simla Agreement, 1972
Lahore Declaration February, 1999
|Memorandum of Understanding||8 September 2012 – MoU between India and Pakistan on cultural cooperation|
|Joint Working Groups||Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Economic and Commercial Cooperation and Trade Promotion”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Environment”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Science & Technology”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Agriculture”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Health”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Education”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Information”
Joint Working Group (JWG) on “Cross-LoC CBMs”
Joint Commission Between India And Pakistan
Composite Dialogue between India and Pakistan
|Bilateral Trade||Total Trade Data – US$ Million
Source: Data extracted from Export Import Data Bank, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, India
MAJOR IMPORT AND EXPORT
Major Exports (2017-18):
2. Organic chemicals
5. Animal fodder
6. Coffee, tea and spices etc.
Major Imports (2017-18):
1. Copper and copper articles
2. Fruits and nuts
4. Organic chemicals
5. Rubber plastic products and wool
6. Mineral fuels etc.
Pakistan is in illegal and forcible occupation of approximately 78,000 sq. Kms of Indian Territory in Jammu and Kashmir. In addition, under the so-called Sino-Pakistan Boundary Agreement of 1963, Pakistan illegally ceded 5,180 sq. Kms in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir to China. The International Boundary in the Sir Creek area and International Maritime Boundary line (IMBL) between India and Pakistan have not been demarcated.
Pakistan has not taken action against the perpetrators of Mumbai attacks (November 2008). The conspiracy for the Mumbai Terrorist Attacks took place in Pakistan and therefore, it was Pakistan’s responsibility to present to the trial court in Pakistan all the necessary evidence. Government remains committed to providing all cooperation to Pakistan for an expeditious and successful conclusion of Mumbai Terrorist Attack Trial ongoing in Pakistan. 
|CBMs||Please see: CBMs between India and Pakistan|
Disclaimer: Vivekananda International Foundation does not take any stance on the data presented above. The data sources are duly referenced.
Last Updated: 25 July 2019
 Areas identified for cooperation by Joint Working Groups of the India-Pakistan Joint Commission https://mea.gov.in/pressreleases.htm?dtl/2265/areas+identified+for+cooperation+by+joint+working+groups+of+the+indiapakistan+joint+commission
 India-Pakistan Relations : Recent Developments, MEA. Available at: https://mea.gov.in/Portal/ForeignRelation/pakistan-august-2012.pdf
 P-6,“India-Pakistan Relations”, Ministry of External Affairs, http://www.mea.gov.in/Portal/ForeignRelation/Bilateral_Brief_pakistan.pdf