Tag Archives: Defence

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 December 2021

DEFENCE

  • Third Annual Defence Dialogue between India and France.
  • New generation ballistic missile successfully test-fired.
  • India beyond 75.
  • Controlled Aerial Delivery System.
  • Defence Agreement with Russia on Assault Rifles.
  • Violation of LoC by Pakistan.
  • LCA Tejas.
  • Maiden launch surface-to-surface missile ‘Pralay’.
  • High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) Abhyas.
  • Mission SAGAR.
  • Chief of the Air Staff is on a four day official visit to the Republic of Korea.
  • Indian Army Establishes Quantum Laboratory.
  • Year End Review – 2021 of Ministry of Defence.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Nigeria
  • Boko Haram fired rockets targeting Maiduguri airport as Buhari’s plane arrived.
  • Nigerian Army foiled an attack and killed seven ISWAP terrorists in Yobe town.
Afghanistan
  • “Terrorists being legalised, as Taliban granting passports to al-Qa’ida and IS terrorists”: said an Afghan diplomat.
  • “Al-Qa’ida aims to benefit from Taliban’s victory in Afghanistan”: said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister
Pakistan
  • Pakistan’s cabinet approved its first National Security Policy.

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against LeT terrorists in ‘Darbhanga Railway Station blast’ case.
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against TRF terrorists in ‘Recovery of IED at Bhatindi’ case.
  • Security forces eliminated five terrorists in three separate CT operations in Pulwama, Shopian, and Anantnag.
  • J&K police arrested four JeM terrorists from Pulwama.
  • Security forces killed four LeT and JeM terrorists in two separate CT operations in Shopian and Awantipora.
  • HM terrorist eliminated in a joint CT operation in Anantnag.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • Two Maoists killed in gun-battle with security forces in Chhattisgarh.
  • Security forces eliminated six Maoists in Telangana-Chhattisgarh border area.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • ‘Targeted killing by KTF terrorists’ case: NIA filed charge-sheet against four KTF terrorists.
  • ‘Killing of Comrade Balwinder Singh Sandhu, SC awardee’ case: NIA filed supplementary charge-sheet against three KLF terrorists.
  • Pakistan-based pro-Khalistan terror group conspired the Ludhiana Court complex blast.
  • ‘Ludhiana Court Complex Blast’: pro-Khalistan terrorist Jaswinder Singh Multani arrested from Germany.
  • Police arrested three pro-Khalistan operatives from Patiala.
Islamic Extremism
  • ‘Recovery & Explosion of IED at Bodh Gaya case’: NIA Special Court (Patna) convicted eight JMB terrorists.
Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) Cases
  • ‘Baishnabnagar FICN case’: NIA Special Court (Kolkata) sentenced two accused.

CYBER, INFORMATION WARFARE & AI (SECURITY PERSPECTIVE)

  • China regulators suspended Cyber Security deal with Alibaba cloud.
  • Ukraine accused Russia of Information Warfare after the arrests of 106 ‘neo-Nazi’ supporters.

DEFENCE

Third Annual Defence Dialogue between India and France.

The third Annual Defence Dialogue between India and France took place between Raksha Mantri(RM) and French Minister for Armed Forces Ms Florence Parly in New Delhi on December 17, 2021. A wide range of bilateral, regional, defence and defence industrial cooperation issues were discussed in the annual meeting.

The Ministers reviewed the existing military-to-military cooperation, which has increased in spite of pandemic challenges. They discussed ways to increase defence cooperation in all domains. Defence industrial cooperation was discussed with focus on future collaborations and co-production between the two countries. They expressed commitment to work together to enhance cooperation in bilateral, regional and multilateral forums. France is the current chair of Indian Ocean Naval Symposium and shall take over the Presidency of European Union from January 01, 2022. The two Ministers decided to work closely on a number of issues during the French Presidency. Click here to read…

New generation ballistic missile successfully test-fired.

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully tested the new generation nuclear capable ballistic missile ‘Agni P’ on December 18, 2021. The Agni P is a two-stage canisterised solid propellant ballistic missile with dual redundant navigation and guidance system. Click here to read…

India beyond 75.

The RM addressed the 94th Annual General Meeting of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI), on the theme ‘India Beyond 75’, in New Delhi on December 18, 2021. He voiced the Government’s vision to make India a global defence manufacturing hub in the coming times, stressing that the focus is to modernise the Armed Forces and create a strong & ‘Aatmanirbhar’ defence industry which can help in safeguarding the country from conventional and non-conventional, present and future security threats. He also stated that he saw the “defence and aerospace manufacturing market in India to be Rs five lakh crore by 2047. The present contribution of private companies is Rs 18,000 crore in the market of Rs 85,000 crore. According to the current situation, more than Rs one lakh crore will be the contribution of the private sector in the market Rs five lakh crore in the future”. Click here to read…

Controlled Aerial Delivery System.

Aerial Delivery Research and Development Establishment (ADRDE), Agra conducted a flight demonstration of Controlled Aerial Delivery System of 500 kg capacity (CADS-500) on December 18, 2021. The CADS-500 is used for precise delivery of payload upto 500 kgs at predetermined location by making use of manoeuvrable capabilities of Ram Air Parachute (RAP). It uses Global Positioning System for the coordinates, altitude and heading sensors for the heading information during its flight. The CADS, with its onboard electronics unit, autonomously steers its flight path using waypoint navigation towards target location by operating controls. System performance was demonstrated at Drop Zone, Malpura from an altitude of 5000m. The system was para-dropped from AN32 aircraft and then steered to the pre-designated landing point in autonomous mode. Click here to read…

Defence Agreement with Russia on Assault Rifles.

A contract for procurement of quantity 6,01,427 Assault Rifles AK-203 was signed on December 06, 2021 between Ministry of Defence and M/s Indo-Russian Rifles Private Limited (IRRPL)- a Joint Venture established between India, represented by the Defence PSUs-Advanced Weapons & Equipment India Limited (AWEIL) & Munitions India Limited (MIL) and Russia, represented by Rosoboronexport (RoE) & Concern Kalashnikov (CK), in the share holding of 50.5% and 49.5% respectively. These rifles will be produced by M/s IRRPL at Korwa, Uttar Pradesh. Click here to read…

Violation of LoC by Pakistan.

A total 5,601 instances of Cease Fire Violations (CFVs) were reported along the LoC under operational control of Indian Army in Jammu & Kashmir from 30 November 2019 to 29 November 2021. Click here to read…

LCA Tejas.

Tejas LCA is not being inducted as a replacement of MIG-21 fighter aircraft, but as a part of modernisation of IAF. Amount spent so far on the manufacture of 24 LCA Tejas delivered till 30.09.2021 is Rs 6,653 crore. Considering the contract with HAL by IAF, a total of 123 Tejas fighter aircraft are to be manufactured. Click here to read…

Maiden launch surface-to-surface missile ‘Pralay’.

(DRDO) successfully conducted maiden flight test of indigenously developed surface-to-surface missile ‘Pralay’, from Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha on December 22, 2021. The Missile is powered with solid propellant rocket motor and many new technologies. The missile has a range of 150-500 kilometre and can be launched from a mobile launcher. The missile guidance system includes state-of-the-art navigation system and integrated avionics. Click here to read…

High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) Abhyas.

DRDO successfully conducted the flight test of indigenously developed High-speed Expendable Aerial Target (HEAT) Abhyas. During the flight trial, High subsonic speed trajectory at a very low altitude with high endurance was demonstrated. Two boosters provided initial acceleration during launch and a small turbo jet engine is used to sustain high subsonic speed with long endurance. The indigenous data link designed by Bengaluru based Industry partner has been successfully flown and tested during the flight. Click here to read…

Mission SAGAR.

As part of a deployment undertaken by Indian Navy under Mission SAGAR, Indian Naval Ship Kesari entered Port of Maputo, Mozambique on 25 December 2021. About 500 Tons of food aid has been shipped by INS Kesari to support the efforts of Government of Mozambique to cope with ongoing drought and concurrent challenges of pandemic. India also remains committed to supporting the capacity building efforts of the Armed Forces of Mozambique. To this end INS Kesari is carrying two Fast Interceptor Craft and self defence equipment to be handed over to the Armed Forces of Mozambique. Click here to read…

Chief of the Air Staff is on a four day official visit to the Republic of Korea.

Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari PVSM AVSM VM ADC, Chief of the Air Staff is on a four day official visit to the Republic of Korea till 30 Dec 21. The CAS will be calling on the Minister of National Defence, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Chief of Staff of the Republic of Korea Air Force and visiting important defence establishments. The visit of CAS is expected to bolster ties with the Armed Forces of the Republic of Korea.

Indian Army Establishes Quantum Laboratory.

The Army, with support from the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) has recently established the Quantum Lab at Military College of Telecommunication Engineering, Mhow (MP) MCTE to spearhead research and training in this key developing field. Indian Army has also established an Artificial Intelligence (AI) Centre at the same institution. Training on cyber warfare is being imparted through a state of art cyber range, and cyber security labs. Click here to read…

Year End Review – 2021 of Ministry of Defence.

The key highlights of the defence forces and the ministry of defence was released in a yearend review paper. Some areas besides the three services contributions were Atmanirbhar Bharat, Swarnim Vijay Varsh, Strengthening border infrastructure, Contribution of MoD in fight against COVID-19, contribution by the Department of Defence, Department of Military affairs, Department of Defence Production and other key stake holders were set out. Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Nigeria
Boko Haram fired rockets targeting Maiduguri airport as Buhari’s plane arrived.

On 23 December 2021, Boko Haram terrorists fired several rockets at Maiduguri airport, as President Muhammadu Buhari’s plane arrived in the Borno capital during a State visit to Governor Babagana Zulum. No fatalities or injuries were reported. Click here to read…

Nigerian Army foiled an attack and killed seven ISWAP terrorists in Yobe town.

On 26 December 2021, the Islamic State of West Africa Province (ISWAP) terrorists carried out an attack in Buni Yadi, Gujba LGA of Yobe state, but the attack was deterred by the Nigerian Army. “The terrorists used cows as their shield in order to gain easy access without being noticed, but their evil plan and strategy were unravelled by the troops, who quickly engaged them in a gun battle. Seven of the ISWAP terrorists were killed, while five others were arrested,” said a Nigerian intelligence official on the basis of anonymity. Click here to read…

Afghanistan
“Terrorists being legalised, as Taliban granting passports to al-Qa’ida and IS terrorists”: said an Afghan diplomat.

The Taliban is legalising terrorism by granting Afghan passports to al-Qa’ida and Islamic State (IS) terrorists. “The whole world should know that all terrorists from al-Qa’ida and IS in Afghanistan are given Afghan passports by the Taliban. This is a serious signal to all mankind that terrorists are being legalised,” said the Afghan Ambassador to Tajikistan— Muhammad Zahir Agbar.

“…the Taliban leadership has not yet brought their families to Afghanistan, who are residing in Qatar, Dubai, and Pakistan. They [Taliban] have not paid their military personnel for several months. Disagreements have emerged among the Taliban…and women hold protests against this regime almost every day,” said the Ambassador Agbar. Click here to read…

“Al-Qa’ida aims to benefit from Taliban’s victory in Afghanistan”: said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister.

In an international conference on the fight against terrorism, on 22 December 2021, the Russian Deputy Foreign Minister— Oleg Syromolotov informed that terrorist organisations, including al-Qa’ida, consider Taliban’s victory in Afghanistan as a victory of radicalism.

“Unfortunately, the actions of the United States and its partners only undermine the situation. Instead of admitting mistakes and refusing to dictate, they took the financial leverage to push their demands on the Taliban movement,” said Deputy Foreign Minister Syromolotov. On 15 August 2021, the Taliban captured Kabul, and following this Afghanistan has been suffering with deep economic, humanitarian, and security crises. Click here to read…

Pakistan
Pakistan’s cabinet approved its first National Security Policy.

On 28 December 2021, Pakistan’s cabinet approved a security plan as country’s first National Security Policy (NSP), which aims at guiding economic, foreign, and defence policies. “It is truly historic achievement; a citizen-centric comprehensive national security policy with economic security at the core will now be pursued in earnest,” tweeted Pakistan’s National Security Adviser (NSA)—Moeed Yusuf.

“The policy was an important milestone in strengthening Pakistan’s national security. Pakistan’s armed forces will play their due part in achieving the vision laid out in the policy,” said Major General Babar Iftikhar. Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
NIA filed charge-sheet against LeT terrorists in ‘Darbhanga Railway Station blast’ case.

On 23 December 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a charge-sheet against five Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorists— i) Mohammad Nasir Khan, ii) Imran Malik, iii) Saleem Ahmed aka Haji Saleem, iv) Kafil Ahmad aka Kafil, and v) Iqbal Mohammad, in ‘Darbhanga Railway Station blast’ case— RC-13/2021/NIA/DLI.

Investigation revealed that LeT terrorists conspired to set ablaze a moving long-distance train by placing Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in the train. For executing the attack, Mohammad Nasir Khan and Imran Malik received instructions from Pakistan-based LeT terrorist— Hafeez Iqbal. Both terrorists placed the IED bomb in a parcel of clothes and booked the same in Secundrabad-Darbhanga Express. Earlier, Nasir Khan had travelled to Pakistan and received training in espionage and fabricating IEDs. Click here to read…

NIA filed charge-sheet against TRF terrorists in ‘Recovery of IED at Bhatindi’ case.

On 22 December 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed charge-sheet against three The Resistance Front (TRF) terrorists— i) Nadeemul-Haq, ii) NadeemAyoub Rather, and iii) Talibur-Rehman, in ‘Recovery of IED at Bhatindi’ case, before NIA Special Court (Jammu).

The charge-sheet in the case— RC-04/2021/NIA/JMU, filed under Sections 120B, 121A, and 122 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), Section 18, 18B, 19, 20, and 23 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A], Section 4 and 5 of the Explosive Substances Act (ESA). During the investigation, it was found that the three TRF terrorists were receiving instructions from Pakistan-based TRF handlers via WhatsApp application. Click here to read…

Security forces eliminated five terrorists in three separate CT operations in Pulwama, Shopian, and Anantnag.

In three separate counter-terrorism (CT) operations on 25-26 December 2021, security forces eliminated five terrorists, including an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) expert, linked with al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), Islamic State Jammu and Kashmir (IS-JK)— an Islamic State affiliated terror group, and Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), in Pulwama, Shopian, and Anantnag districts of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). “The IS-JK terrorist— Faheem Bhat, has recently joined the terror group and was involved in killing of Assistant Sub-Inspector (ASI) Mohammad Ashraf on 22 December 2021; ASI Ashraf was posted at Police Station (Bijbehara),” said Inspector-General of Police (IGP) Kashmir— Vijay Kumar. Click here to read…

J&K police arrested four JeM OGWs from Pulwama.

On 21 December 2021, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) police cracked a Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM)’s terror cell and arrested four Over-Ground Workers (OGWs)— i) Zubair Gul, ii) Adil Fayaz Ganie, iii) Basit Ali, and iv) Shahid Nabi Pandit, from Pampore area in Pulwama district of J&K. The preliminary interrogation revealed that all four OGWs were in contact with JeM commanders and were providing logistic support to them. Click here to read…

Security forces killed four LeT and JeM terrorists in two separate CT operations in Shopian and Awantipora.

In two separate counter-terrorism (CT) operations on 25 December 2021, security forces killed four terrorists of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), in Shopian and Pulwama districts of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). According to the statements released by police, Two LeT terrorists— i) Sajad Ahmad Chak, and ii) Raja Basit Yaqoob, were killed in Chowgam area of Shopian, whereas, other two terrorists of JeM were killed in a separate CT operation in Hardumir in Tral area of Awantipora in Pulwama district. Click here to read…

HM terrorist eliminated in a joint CT operation in Anantnag.

In a joint counter-terrorism (CT) operation on 24 December 2021, security forces killed a Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM) terrorist— Shahzad Ahmad Shah, in Mominhall village of Arwani in Bijbehara in Anantnag district of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Shahzad was given several calls to surrender, but instead he fired upon security forces personnel; he was involved in the killing three BhartiyaJanta Party (BJP) workers in October 2020, and a BJP Sarpanch & his wife in August 2021. Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
Two Maoists killed in gun-battle with security forces in Chhattisgarh.

On 18 December 2021, security forces eliminated two women Maoists— i) Hidme Kohrame, and ii) Pojje, in a gun-battle in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh. “Acting upon inputs, a team of Dantewada’s District Reserve Guards (DRG) carried out search operation in Gonderas near Aranpur. The Maoists opened fire which led to gun-battle. Later, security forces recovered bodies of two female Maoists from the operation site,” said Dantewada Superintendent of Police (SP) Abhishek Pallava. Dantewada is among the seven Maoist-affected districts in Bastar region in Chhattisgarh. Click here to read…

Security forces eliminated six Maoists in Telangana-Chhattisgarh border area.

On 27 December 2021, security forces killed six Maoists during an operation in Telangana-Chhattisgarh border area. Acting upon intelligence input, Greyhounds (elite anti-Maoist force of Telangana police), District Reserve Guards (DRGs) in Sukma district of Chhattisgarh, and 141st Battalion of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), launched a joint search operation at Pesallapadu forest. Six Maoists, including four women, fired upon security forces which led to exchange of fire. All six Maoists were killed. Later, security forces recovered five weapons, two .303 rifles, four rocket launchers, and three double barrel guns from the operation site,” said Sunil Dutt, Superintendent of Police (SP)-BhadradriKothagudem district in Telangana. Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
‘Targeted killing by KTF terrorists’ case: NIA filed charge-sheet against four KTF terrorists.

On 23 December 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a charge-sheet against four terrorists of the Khalistan Tiger Force (KTF)— i) Kamaljeet Sharma, ii) Ram Singh aka Sona, iii) Arshdeep Singh aka Arsh, and iv) Hardeep Singh Nijjar (presently in Canada), before the NIA Special Court in Mohali, Punjab. The case— RC-28/2021/NIA/DLI, related to the killing of Manohar Lal (follower of Dera Saccha Sauda) by the KTF terrorists.

The investigation revealed that Hardeep Singh Nijjar— ‘self-claimed’ chief of KTF, along with Arshdeep Singh, had recruited Kamaljeet Sharma, Ram Singh and others in Punjab in order to threat and exhort money from Punjab-based businessmen, and conspired targeted killings to disturb the communal peace and harmony in the state. Click here to read…

‘Killing of Comrade Balwinder Singh Sandhu, SC awardee’ case: NIA filed supplementary charge-sheet against three KLF terrorists.

On 16 December 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed supplementary charge-sheet against three Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF) terrorists— i) Navpreet Singh, ii) Harbhinder Singh, and iii) Gurwinder Singh, in the case— RC-01/2020/NIA/DLI, related to the killing of Comrade Balwinder Singh Sandhu (Shaurya Chakra awardee, by KLF terrorists on 16 October 2020 at his residence in Bhikhiwind in Tarn Taran district in Punjab.

Investigation revealed that all three charge-sheet KLF terrorists were involved in conducting reconnaissance of the target and organising logistics for the assassins. Click here to read…

Pakistan-based pro-Khalistan terror group conspired the Ludhiana Court complex blast.

According to an intelligence input, a pro-Khalistan terror group based in Lahore, Pakistan, masterminded the explosion in Ludhiana Court Complex in Ludhiana, Punjab. On 23 December 2021, a blast took place in the Ludhiana Court complex, in which a person was killed and at least five others were injured. The Central agencies have been sending inputs to the State government on daily basis. The recent intel emphasised on possible interference by radicalised groups before the assembly elections scheduled in early 2022. Click here to read…

Ludhiana Court Complex Blast: pro-Khalistan terrorist Jaswinder Singh Multani arrested from Germany.

On 28 December 2021, Germany’s Federal Police arrested a pro-Khalistan terrorist— Jaswinder Singh Multani, for his alleged involvement in the Ludhiana Court complex blast on 23 December. The Indian government had requested German government to arrest Jaswinder, as he was under scanner for conspiring the India’s financial capital— Mumbai and the national capital— Delhi.

According to preliminary investigation, Jaswinder is a key link in Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence (ISI)’s plan to orchestrated terror attacks in Punjab as well as Mumbai. Click here to read…

Police arrested three pro-Khalistan operatives from Patiala.

Punjab police, on 28 December 2021, arrested three pro-Khalistan operatives, including a woman, for allegedly distributing pro-Khalistan material nearby Banur area in Patiala district in Punjab. “Out of three, two operatives— i) Jagmeet Singh, and ii) Ravinder Singh, were arrested for ‘preaching in favour of Khalistan’. Both were visiting various religious and public places in the area and distributing some registration forms to people to vote for a ‘Khalistan Referendum 2020’,” said Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP)— Harcharan Singh Bhullar.

The initial interrogation revealed that the third operative— Jasveer Kaur, and her husband— Kuldeep Singh (works as Superintendent at Punjab Roadways), are the kingpin the network. “Jasveer Kaur’s brother-in-law— Manjit Singh was the area commander of the terrorist organisation— BabbarKhalsa International (BKI)’s SukhdevBabbar Group. Click here to read…

Islamic Extremism
‘Recovery & Explosion of IED at Bodh Gaya case’: NIA Special Court (Patna) convicted eight JMB terrorists.

On 17 December 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court (Patna) convicted eight Jamaatul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) terrorists— i) Paigambar Sheikh, ii) Ahmad Ali, iii) NurAlamMomin, iv) Adil Sheikh, v) Dilwar Hossain, vi) Abdul Karim, vii) Mustafizur Rahman, and viii) ArifHussain, in ‘Recovery and Explosion of IED at Bodh Gaya’ case— RC-04/2018/NIA/DLI.

The case is related to the planting of three Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) in and around the premises of Bodh Gaya Temple complex. Click here to read…

Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICNs) Cases
‘Baishnabnagar FICN case’: NIA Special Court (Kolkata) sentenced two accused.

In Baishnabnagar Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICNs) case— RC-08/2018/NIA/DLI, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court, Kolkata, on 22 December 2021, sentenced two accused— i) Santosh Mondal (25 years-old), and ii) Pintu Mondal (20 years-old), to rigorous imprisonment of five years and six months, and also imposed ₹ 40,000 fine for commission of offences under Sections 120B, 489B, and 489C of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

The case is related to the seizure of FICNs with face value of ₹ 4,62,000, in the denomination of ₹ 2,000, from the possession of Santosh Mondal. The NIA had filed charge-sheet against both accused on 03 April 2018. Click here to read…

CYBER, INFORMATION WARFARE & AI (SECURITY PERSPECTIVE)

China’s telecom regulators suspended Cyber Security deal with Alibaba cloud.

On 22 December 2021, China’s telecom regulators suspended an information-sharing partnership with Alibaba’s Cloud Computing— a subsidiary of Alibaba Group, considering accusations it failed to report and address cyber security vulnerability. “Alibaba Cloud did not immediately report vulnerabilities in popular, open-source logging framework—Apache Log4j2 to China’s telecommunications regulator,” stated a notice released by China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). The suspension will be reassessed in six months and revived depending on the Alibaba’s internal reforms. Click here to read…

Ukraine accused Russia of Information Warfare after the arrests of 106 ‘neo-Nazi’ supporters.

The Security Service of Ukraine— Sluzhba Bezpeky Unkrayiny or SBU, accused its Russian counterpart— Federal Security Service (Federal’naya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti) of waging Information Warfare (IW) after Russian law-enforcement agencies arrested 106 supporters of the Ukrainian neo-Nazi youth group for planning attacks and mass murders. Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB) made arrests in 37 of more than 80 regions of Russia. According to the statement released by the FSB, the alleged group— MKU, was set up by a Ukrainian under the patronage of Ukraine’s intelligence services.

“The current statements of the FSB are part of a coordinated information operation which should only be viewed through the prism of hybrid warfare,” read the statement released by the Ukraine’s SBU. Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 November 2021

DEFENCE

  • Defence Acquisition Council approves proposals worth Rs 7,965 crore.
    Second India – Japan space dialogue.
  • Successful flight tests of indigenously-developed smart anti-airfield weapon.
  • Indian Army organises a webinar on “Indian Army Make Projects 2021”.
  • Maritime Conclave – 2021.

  • Indian Army signs MOU with Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (Bisag-N).
  • DRDO & Directorate of Defence R&D, Israel sign Bilateral Innovation Agreement for development of dual use technologies.
  • Delivery of fourth Scorpene submarine.
  • Vice Admiral R Hari Kumar to be the next Chief of the Naval Staff.
  • The 11thDefence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) Group meeting.
  • Joint Call on Prime Minister by National Security Advisers / Secretaries of Security Councils attending the “Delhi Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan”.
  • Second bi-annual IAF Commanders’ Conference.
  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) Contingent has inducted for participation in the biennial Dubai Air Show.
  • 6th edition of Indo France joint military exercise “Ex Shakti 2021”.
  • General MM Naravane on a visit to Israel.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

West Asia
  • Saudi Arabia designated Hizbu’llah’s financial wing as ‘terrorists.
Africa
Somalia
  • Security forces arrested 12 al-Shabaab terrorists in Baidoa town in Bay region.
Nigeria
  • Boko Haram terrorists attacked a military base in Borno State.
Afghanistan
  • A senior commander of Taliban’s Badri Battalion killed in an attack in Kabul.
  • “55 IS-KP terrorists surrendered in Nangarhar province,” claimed Taliban.
  • Women’s rights activist killed in Balkh province.
Pakistan
  • CTD arrested an AQIS terrorist from Punjab province.

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir

• NIA officials arrested two OGWs in ‘J&K Terrorism Conspiracy’ case.
• Unidentified terrorists killed a local salesman in Srinagar.
• Security forces arrested two LeT terrorists from Anantnag and Pulwama.

Left-Wing Extremism
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against seven CPI (Maoist) operatives and conspirators in Dummugudem Maoist case of Telangana.
  • NIA arrested an OGW in Edakkara Maoist case.
  • Security forces eliminated a Maoist in Chhattisgarh.
  • 20 Maoists surrendered in Telangana.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • In Canada, the NIA probed pro-Khalistan groups and their funding
Islamic Extremism
  • NIA conducted search and arrested a JMB terrorist from West Bengal.

CYBER, INFORMATION WARFARE & AI (SECURITY PERSPECTIVE)

  • “Electronic Warfare was the main threat from Beijing”: claimed Taiwan’s defence experts.
  • US administration directed all federal agencies to patch hundreds of security bugs.

DEFENCE

Defence Acquisition Council approves proposals worth Rs 7,965 crore.

The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), in its meeting of November 02, 2021 accorded Acceptance of Necessity (AoN) for capital acquisition proposals for modernisation and operational needs of the Armed Forces amounting to Rs 7,965 crore. All of these proposals (100%) are under ‘Make in India’ with focus on design, development and manufacturing in India. Key approvals of procurement from domestic sources include twelve Light Utility Helicopters from Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL); Lynx U2 Fire Control System from Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) and Mid Life Upgradation of the Dornier Aircraft from HAL to increase the Naval capacity of maritime reconnaissance and coastal surveillance.
For more information: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1768857″ target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>Click here to read…

Second India – Japan space dialogue.

The Second India-Japan Space Dialogue was held in virtual mode on 2 November 2021. The two sides exchanged information on their respective space policies and priorities, international developments in space domain including space security, space situational awareness, global navigation satellite systems, and bilateral cooperation between ISRO-JAXA, space industries and technology trade.
For more information: Click here to read…

Successful flight tests of indigenously-developed smart anti-airfield weapon.

Two flight tests of indigenously-developed smart anti-airfield weapon with two different configurations based on satellite navigation and electro optical sensors have been successfully tested. Electro optical seeker based flight test of this class of bomb has been conducted for the first time in the country with the electro optic sensor developed indigenously. In both the tests, the intended target was hit with high accuracy. The system is designed for a maximum range 100 kilometres.
For more information: Click here to read…

Indian Army organises a webinar on “Indian Army Make Projects 2021”.

The Indian Army in conjunction with FICCI organised a webinar on ‘Indian Army Make Projects’ on 08 November 2021. This was the sixth such webinar since the inception of the Make process in 2016. During the webinar, the Indian Army unveiled Six new ‘Make-II Projects’. The new projects spanned technologies across unmanned systems, technologies to counter such systems as well as emerging solutions for augmenting air defence capabilities.
For more information: Click here to read…

Maritime Conclave – 2021.

The 3rd edition of Goa Maritime Conclave (GMC) was held from 07 to 09 November 2021 under the aegis of Naval War College, Goa. The theme for this year’s edition was “Maritime Security and Emerging Non-Traditional Threats: A Case for Proactive Role for IOR Navies”. At the GMC 2021, Indian Navy was hosting Chiefs of Navies/ Heads of Maritime Forces from 12 Indian Ocean Region countries comprising Bangladesh, Comoros, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Myanmar, Seychelles, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The Keynote Address was delivered by Shri Harsh Vardhan Shringla, Foreign Secretary, who highlighted India’s vision of SAGAR and approach to maritime security.
For more information: Click here to read…

Indian Army signs MOU with Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (Bisag-N).

The Indian Army has inked a Memorandum of Understanding with the Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geo-Informatics (BISAG-N), Gandhinagar, Gujarat. This MoU will facilitate exchange of knowledge and collaboration in the fields emerging technologies for development of GIS and IT based Enterprise Resource Planning Software, Training Content, Telecasting of Audio-Visual Content, Research and Knowledge Partnership, Technical Support and Upgradation for Resources Developed under a holistic partnership for projects which have the prior approval of Army Management Studies Board (AMSB) or approved on case-to-case basis. The MOU will leverage the relative advantage of BISAG-N to support training and evolving innovative solutions to boost operational capabilities of the Indian Armed Forces.
For more information: Click here to read…

DRDO & Directorate of Defence R&D, Israel sign Bilateral Innovation Agreement for development of dual use technologies.

As a tangible demonstration of the growing Indo–Israeli technological cooperation, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Directorate of Defence Research and Development (DDR&D), Ministry of Defence, Israel have entered into a Bilateral Innovation Agreement (BIA) to promote innovation and accelerated R&D in start-ups and MSMEs of both countries for the development of dual use technologies. Under the agreement, start-ups and industry of both countries will work together to bring out next generation technologies and products in the areas such as Drones, Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Quantum technology, Photonics, Bio sensing, Brain-Machine Interface, Energy Storage, Wearable Devices, Natural Language Processing, etc. Products and technologies will be customised to meet unique requirements of both the countries. The development efforts will be jointly funded by DRDO and DDR&D, Israel.
For more information: Click here to read…

Delivery of fourth Scorpene submarine.

The fourth submarine of the Project – 75, Yard 11878 was delivered to the Indian Navy today, 09 November 2021. Project – 75 includes construction of six submarines of Scorpene design. These submarines are being constructed at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL) Mumbai, under collaboration with M/s Naval Group, France.
For more information: Click here to read…

Vice Admiral R Hari Kumar to be the next Chief of the Naval Staff.

The Government have appointed Vice Admiral R Hari Kumar, PVSM, AVSM, VSM, ADC presently Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief Western Naval Command as the next Chief of the Naval Staff with effect from the afternoon of 30th November 2021. The present Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Karambir Singh, PVSM, AVSM, ADC, retires from service on 30th November, 2021.
For more information: Click here to read…

The 11thDefence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) Group meeting.

The 11thDefence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) Group meeting between India and the United States (US) was held virtually on November 09, 2021. Four Joint Working Groups focused on land, naval, air and aircraft carrier technologies have been established under DTTI to promote mutually agreed projects within their domains. The groups reported to the co-chairs on ongoing activities and collaborative opportunities, including a number of near-term projects targeted for completion on priority. The co-chairs were also pleased to note that since the last DTTI Group meeting in September 2020, the first Project Agreement for Air-Launched Unmanned Aerial Vehicle under the Joint Working Group Air Systems was signed which a major accomplishment for DTTI.
For more information: Click here to read…

Joint Call on Prime Minister by National Security Advisers / Secretaries of Security Councils attending the “Delhi Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan”.

The Heads of the National Security Councils of seven nations, who are in Delhi for the Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan hosted today by National Security Advisor Shri Ajit Doval, collectively called on Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi after the completion of the Dialogue.

In their comments to the Prime Minister, the senior security officers, representing the nations of Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, expressed their appreciation of India’s initiative in organising the Dialogue and of the quality of the exchanges. They also conveyed the perspectives of their respective countries on the Afghan situation.

The Prime Minister emphasised on four aspects that countries in the region would need to focus on, in the context of Afghanistan: the need for an inclusive government; a zero-tolerance stance about Afghan territory being used by terrorist groups; a strategy to counter trafficking of drugs and arms from Afghanistan; and addressing the increasingly critical humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan.
For more information: Click here to read…

Second bi-annual IAF Commanders’ Conference.

The Second bi-annual IAF Commanders’ Conference was inaugurated by Raksha Mantri on 10 Nov 21 at Air Headquarter. The theme of the conference was “Ensuring Certainty amidst Uncertainties”.
For more information: Click here to read…

The Indian Air Force (IAF) Contingent has inducted for participation in the biennial Dubai Air Show.

The IAF contingent inducted on 09th Nov for participation in the biennial Dubai Air Show. The IAF was invited by the Government of UAE to participate with the Sarang and Suryakiran Aerobatics Teams. These teams will be performing along with some of the best aerobatics and display teams in the world, including the Saudi Hawks, Russian Knights and the UAE’s Al Fursan. In addition, the IAF’s Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas shall be part of the aerobatics and static displays during the show.

The induction of five Advanced Light Helicopters (ALH) Dhruvs of the Sarang Team, 10 BAE Hawk 132s of the Suryakiran Team and the three LCA Tejas was completed by 09th November 21. The induction was supported by the IAF’s C-17 Globemaster IIIs and C-130J Super Hercules. The Dubai Air Show will be the first occasion for the Suryakirans and the Tejas to show off their aerial manoeuvres here.
For more information: Click here to read…

6th edition of Indo France joint military exercise “Ex Shakti 2021”.

The 6th Edition of the biennial training exercise “EX SHAKTI 2021” is being conducted from 15 to 26 November 2021 in Frejus, France. A platoon strength of a Gorkha Rifles Infantry Battalion is representing the Indian Army in this bilateral exercise and the French side is being represented by troops of 21st Marine Infantry Regiment of 6th Light Armoured Brigade. Exercise SHAKTI will focus on Counter Terrorism operations in backdrop of semi-urban terrain under United Nations Mandate with an aim to enhance military cooperation and inter-operability between the two Armies.
For more information: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1771234″ target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>Click here to read…

General MM Naravane on a visit to Israel.

General MM Naravane, has proceeded on a visit to Israel from 15 to 19 November 2021. This is his first visit to Israel. The Army Chief will take forward the excellent bilateral defence cooperation between Israel and India through multiple meetings with senior officials of the security establishment and exchange views on various defence related issues.
For more information: Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

West Asia
Saudi Arabia designated Hizbu’llah’s financial wing as ‘terrorists.

In a security statement released on 27 October 2021, the Saudi Arabia’s authorities have designated Lebanon-based Al-Qard Al-Hasan, an alleged financial wing of Hizbu’llah, as a terrorist entity. “The association [Al-Qard Al-Hasan] works on managing funds for terrorist organisation [Hizbu’llah] and its financing, including support for military purposes,” read the statement.
According to the statement, “all assets belonging to the organisation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia should be frozen and it is prohibited to carry out any direct or indirect dealings with or for the benefit of the association”.
For more information: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/10/27/saudi-arabia-hezbollah-lebanon-al-qard-al-hassan-terrorists” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>Click here to read…

Africa
Somalia
Security forces arrested 12 al-Shabaab terrorists in Baidoa town in Bay region.

On 07 November 2021, Somali security forces carried out a counter-terrorism (CT) operation and arrested 12 al-Shabaab terrorists, from Baidoa town in Bay region in South-West Somalia. “Somali security forces managed to arrest 12 al-Shabaab operatives aimed at ensuring security of Baidoa town. We are committed to safeguard our people and candidates during the Federal Parliamentary elections,” said Commander of Intelligence and Security Agency— Mohamud Mohamed Hassan.
For more information: Click here to read…

Nigeria
Boko Haram terrorists attacked a military base in Borno State.

Wearing military uniforms, the Boko Haram terrorists, on 08 November 2021, attacked a military base at Tamsukawu in Kaga local council of Borno State in Nigeria. The exchange of fire between troops and terrorists lasted over an hour, before fighter jets and ground troops moved in as reinforcement for the soldiers at the base.
For more information: Click here to read…

Afghanistan
A senior commander of Taliban’s Badri Battalion killed in an attack in Kabul.

On 02 November 2021, two blasts took place at the entrance of the Sardar Mohammad Daud Khan military hospital in Kabul, followed by heavy gunfire by the Islamic State-Khurasan Province (IS-KP) terrorists. “Five IS-KP group fighters carried out simultaneous coordinated attacks at the hospital,” claimed IS-KP in a statement on its Telegram channels.
“The IS-KP wanted to target civilians, doctors, and patients in the hospital, but Taliban forces had repulsed the attack within 15 minutes,” claimed Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid. In the attack, Hamdullah Mokhlis— a senior commander of Badri Battalion was killed.
For more information: Click here to read…

Women’s rights activist was killed in Balkh province.

In first known death of women’s rights defender since Taliban came in power in Afghanistan, Frozan Safi— a 29 years-old activist and economics lecturer, was killed in Mazar-i-Sharif in Balkh province. Frozan’s went missing on 20 October 2021. “We recognised her [Frozan] by her clothes, as bullets had destroyed her face. Bullet wounds were all over her body, including her head, heart, chest, kidneys, and legs,” said Frozan’s sister—Rita, a doctor.
For more information: Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
NIA officials arrested two OGWs in ‘J&K Terrorism Conspiracy’ case.

On 12 November 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA)’s officials arrested two Over-Ground Workers (OGWs)— i) Rashid Muzaffar Ganaie, and ii) Nasir Mir, in registered case ‘RC-29/2021/NIA/DLI, of Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) Terrorism Conspiracy case. The case is related to the conspiracy, including in cyberspace, for carrying out terrorist acts in J&K and other major cities in India, by the terrorists of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM), Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), al-Badr, and other affiliated groups such as The Resistance Front (TRF), and People Against Fascist Forces (PAFF).
For more information:
Click here to read…

Unidentified terrorists killed a local salesman in Srinagar.

On 08 November 2021, unidentified terrorists killed a local salesman— Mohammad Ibrahim Khan, in BohriKadal market in Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). In prompt action, police cordoned the entire city and had launched a search operation to catch terrorists. In less than 24 hours, Ibrahim Khan was the second victim. Earlier, a policeman attained Veergati when unidentified terrorists shot him outside his residence in Batamaloo area in Srinagar.
Since October 2021, around 15 civilians have been killed in Kashmir valley, including non-local labourers. Terrorists are targeting these civilians on suspicion of being either police informers or a threat to regional demographics.
For more information: Click here to read…

Security forces arrested two LeT terrorists from Anantnag and Pulwama.

In two separate joint operations on 08 November 2021, security forces arrested two Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorists— i) Sarwir Ahmed Mir (21 years-old), and ii) Hafiz Abdullah Malik (affiliated with LeT’s The Resistance Front [TRF]), from Rajpora in Pulwama and Wahadan village in Anantnag districts, respectively.
For more information: Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
NIA filed charge-sheet against seven CPI (Maoist) operatives and conspirators in Dummugudem Maoist case of Telangana.

On 12 November 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a charge-sheet against seven CPI (Maoist) operatives and conspirators under Section 120B r/w 121 of Indian Penal Code (IPC), Sections 18, 20, 23, 38, 39, and 40 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A], Sections 4, 5, and 6 of the Explosive Substances Act (ESA), and Section 9B of the Explosive Act.

Out of seven persons mentioned in the charge-sheet, four persons were arrested, whereas three are absconders. All seven accused are identified as: i) Muthu Nagaraju aka M Nagaraju, ii) Kommarajula Kanukaiah aka Kommaraju Kanakaiahm, iii) Sura Saraiah, iv) Madvi Hidma aka Santosh aka Hidmalu [commander of 1st Battalion of People’s Liberation Guerrilla

Army (PLGA) of CPI (Maoist)], v) Koyyada Sambaiah aka Azad [Telangana State Committee member and Secretary of Badradri Kothagudem-East Godavari (BK-EG) Divisional Committee of CPI (Maoist)], vi) Madakam Kosiaka Rajitha (commander of Cherla Area Committee- Dalam and, vii) Vallepu Swamy.

Investigation had revealed that top operatives of CPI (Maoist), including Madvi Hidma, Koyyada Sambaiah, and Madakam Kosi carried out a criminal conspiracy along with the Over-Ground Workers (OGWs) to wage war against the elected government by carrying out terrorist acts against the security personnel.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA arrested an OGW in Edakkara Maoist case.

On 07 November 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials arrested R Ragavendran aka Vinod Kumar— an Over-Ground Worker (OGW) Maoist, in Edakkara Maoist case—RC-02/2021/NIA/KOC, for his alleged involvement in arms training camp of the CPI (Maoist) in 2016, supporting activities of the proscribed group—CPI (Maoist). Nine other people have been arrested so far in this case.
For more information:
Click here to read…

Security forces eliminated a Maoist in Chhattisgarh.

On 05 November 2021, security forces eliminated a Maoist—Ramsu Korram, a section commander of Platoon no. 16 and guard of Mallesh, in an operation in Dantewada district in Chhattisgarh. A 7.62 mm pistol, a 5-kg of Improvised Explosive Device (IED), wires, and other items were recovered from the operation site.
For more information: Click here to read…

20 Maoists surrendered in Telangana.

On 03 November 2021, 20 Maoists, including minors, hailing from villages on Telangana-Chhattisgarh border had surrendered before the Bhadradri-Kothagudem police in Telangana. In last few months, over 200 Maoists have surrendered due to their disagreements with Maoist ideology.
For more information: Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
In Canada, the NIA probed pro-Khalistan groups and their fundings.

On 05 November 2021, a three-member team of the National Investigation Agency (NIA) arrived in Canada to investigate the funding routes of pro-Khalistan groups conspiring the unrest in India. During its four-day visit, the NIA team, led by the Inspector-General (IG) rank officer, and the Canadian authorities discussed the findings of the probe against pro-Khalistan groups, including Sikhs For Justice (SFJ), Babbar Khalsa International (BKI), Khalistan Zindabad Force (KZF), and Khalistan Tiger Force (KTF).
According to news report, the NIA team likely to forward the execution of the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) for speedy sharing of information related to anti-India activities. Besides Canada, the NIA team is also investigating the financial routes from the United Kingdom (UK), the United States (US), Australia, France, and Germany.
For more information: Click here to read…

Islamic Extremism
NIA conducted search and arrested a JMB terrorist from West Bengal.

On 02 November 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials carried out a search operation and arrested a Jamaatul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) terrorist—Mohammad Abdul Mannan Bachu aka Mannan, a Bangladesh national and resident at South 24 Parganas, West Bengal.

The case relates to the conspiracy of al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) and JMB terrorist organisations to lure vulnerable Muslim youth in India and Bangladesh, via online radicalisation and recruitment. The NIA had registered the case on 06 August 2021, and till now five suspects have been arrested in this case.

The search led to the seizure of electronic devices, fake Indian Voter ID cards, Aadhaar cards, and other documents for illegal acquisition of Indian identity by Bangladesh national. These fake Indian IDs were arranged to facilitate JMB terrorists who infiltrated into India.
For more information: Click here to read…

CYBER, INFORMATION WARFARE & AI (SECURITY PERSPECTIVE)

“Electronic Warfare was the main threat from Beijing”: claimed Taiwan’s defence experts.

On 06 November 2021, a senior defence expert at Taiwan’s Institute for National Defence and Security Research (INDSR) — Su Tzu-yun warned that an Electronic Warfare (EW) was the main threat from China when Chinese aircrafts were intruding into Taiwan’s Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) with intentions to control electronic messaging in the war theatre. Between January to September 2021, 99 out of the 544 Chinese aircrafts, including J-16 fighter and versions of the Y-8, and Y-9, that intruded the Taiwan’s ADIZ, were equipped with EW capabilities.
“China’s strategy was to disrupt Taiwan’s Air Defence System (ADS), gain control over the air, provide erroneous radar information, and launch attacks from the air catching the opposition (Taiwan) completely unaware,” added Tzu-yun.
For more information: Click here to read…

US administration directed all federal agencies to patch hundreds of security bugs.

On 03 November 2021, the United States’ (US) Cyber security and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) issued an operational directive to federal agencies to fix more than 300 security vulnerabilities which are identified as carrying “significant risk” to their networks. The CISA gave six months to fix these security vulnerabilities, some of which date back to 2014 and 2015, and pose a “frequent attack vector” for cyber-criminals targeting the US federal agencies.

Mostly, the directive applies to the civilian federal agencies, but also applied to the networks run by the military and under the US Defense Department or the Intelligence Community (IC).
For more information: Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 August 2021

DEFENCE

  • Webinar between India & Malaysia on ‘Indian Defence Industry Global Outreach for Collaborative Partnership’.
  • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh to launch Defence India Startup Challenge 5.0.
  • Indian Navy undertakes bilateral maritime exercise with Vietnam People’s Navy.
  • ‘Joint guidance for the Australia – India navy to navy relationship’ signed between Indian Navy & Australian Navy.
  • DRDO develops Advanced Chaff Technology for Indian Air Force.
  • Indo-Kazakhstan joint training exercise to commence on 30 August 2021.
  • Commander, US Indo-Pacific Command calls on Chief of Defence Staff.
  • Indian Navy participates in Naval Exercise Malabar.
  • MoD signs Rs 1,350 crore contract for Integrated Anti-Submarine Warfare Defence Suites with an Indian company.
  • Indian Navy’s Maiden Exercise with Algerian Navy.
  • BEL to supply of Naval Anti drone system.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Somalia
  • Somali army killed 60 al-Shabaab terrorists in Lower Shabelle.
  • “Al-Shabaab may try to imitate Taliban in Somalia”, warned security experts.
Afghanistan
  • Al-Qa’ida hailed Taliban for ‘liberating’ Afghans.
  • US drone targeted Islamic State terrorists in Kabul.
  • Foreign terrorists of IS-KP and al-Qa’ida entered Afghanistan via Pakistan, cited UN report.
  • Pakistan
    • “Pakistan engineered Taliban’s return to Kabul,” claimed US experts.

    DOMESTIC TERRORISM

    Jammu and Kashmir
    • Security forces eliminated three JeM terrorists in Pulwama.
    • NIA charge-sheeted seven terrorists in narco-terrorism case.
    • Security forces arrested six LeT terrorists from Bandipora.
    • Two HM terrorists were killed in CT operation in Pulwama.
    Left-Wing Extremism
    • Two high-ranking Maoists arrested in joint operations in Jharkhand.
    • Two ITBP personnel attained Veergati in a Maoist attack in Chhattisgarh.
    Islamic Extremism
    • NIA arrested two IS terrorists in ‘IS Kerala module case’ from Kerala.
    • BRICS adopted a new action plan to combat terrorism and terror-financing.
    Khalistan-inspired Extremism
    • Police arrested two ISYF terrorists from Kapurthala and Jalandhar districts.

    CYBER, INFORMATION WARFARE & AI (SECURITY PERSPECTIVE)

    • Ragnarok ransomware threat actors released the ‘master key’ to decrypt infected files.
    • The US and Singapore pledged for deeper cooperation in cyber security.
    • Intelligent Waves won the contract from the USAF’s IW research project.
    • Interpol issued global alerts as cyber criminals target governments with COVID-19 vaccine scams.
    • Hackers stole records of T-Mobile’s 54.6 million customers.

    Defence

    Webinar between India & Malaysia on ‘Indian Defence Industry Global Outreach for Collaborative Partnership’.

    A webinar and expo between India & Malaysia on the theme ‘Indian Defence Industry Global Outreach for Collaborative Partnership’ was held on August 17, 2021. It was organised under the aegis of Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence through Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM). Nine Indian companies, including Bharat Electronics Limited, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers, L&T Defence and Bharat Forge Limited, gave presentations on major defence platforms and products. From the Malaysian side, Aerospace Technology Systems Corporation, AMP Corporation, DEFTECH Unmanned Systems and Innopeak SDN BHD made company presentations.

    Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh to launch Defence India Startup Challenge 5.0

    Three years after the launch of Defence India Startup Challenge 1.0 (DISC), Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX), Defence Innovation Organisation (DIO), DISC 5.0 was launched in New Delhi on August 19, 2021.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Indian Navy undertakes bilateral maritime exercise with Vietnam People’s Navy

    Indian Navy ships undertook bilateral maritime exercise with Vietnam People’s Navy (VPN) frigate on 18 Aug 21. The bilateral interaction aims to consolidate the strong bond shared by the two navies and would be another step towards strengthening India-Vietnam defence relations. The Indian Naval ships arrived at Cam Ranh, Vietnam on 15 August 21 for harbour phase, the sea phase included surface warfare exercises, weapon firing drills and helicopter operations. This visit also holds special importance as Indian Naval ships celebrated the country’s 75th Independence Day in Vietnam.

    ‘Joint guidance for the Australia – India navy to navy relationship’ signed between Indian Navy & Australian Navy

    The document was signed between the Indian Navy and Royal Australian Navy on 18 August 2021. The document is aligned to the ‘2020 Comprehensive Strategic Partnership’ agreed by the Prime Ministers and aims to ensure shared approached to regional and global security challenges. The broad scope of the guidance is focussed on developing mutual understanding, cooperate for regional security; collaborate in mutually beneficial activities and to develop interoperability. The highlights of document include close cooperation in regional and multilateral fora, including Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS), Western Pacific Naval Symposium (WPNS), Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) and Expert Working Groups subordinate to the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting Plus framework.

    DRDO develops Advanced Chaff Technology for Indian Air Force

    Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an Advanced Chaff Technology to safeguard fighter aircraft of the Indian Air Force (IAF) against hostile radar threats. Defence Laboratory Jodhpur, a DRDO laboratory developed the advanced Chaff material and chaff cartridge-118/I in collaboration with High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL), a Pune based laboratory of DRDO, meeting qualitative requirements of IAF. The Indian Air Force has started the process of induction of this technology after completion of successful user trials.

    Indo-Kazakhstan joint training exercise to commence on 30 august 2021

    As part of military diplomacy and to strengthen the growing strategic relation with Kazakhstan, the 5th edition of Indo- Kazakhstan Joint Training Exercise, “KAZIND-21” will be conducted at Training Node, Aisha Bibi, Kazakhstan, from 30 August to 11 September 2021. The exercise is a joint training between both the Armies, which will boost the bilateral relations between India and Kazakhstan.
    The Indian Army contingent represented by a battalion of The Bihar Regiment consists of a total of 90 personnel led by a Contingent Commander. The Kazakhstan Army will be represented by a company group.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Commander, US Indo-Pacific Command calls on Chief of Defence Staff

    Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat held a meeting with Commander of the United States Indo-Pacific Command (US INDOPACOM) Admiral John C Aquilino in New Delhi on August 25, 2021. Issues related to peace & security in the region and bilateral defence cooperation were part of the agenda for the meeting. Admiral Aquilino also held meetings with the Tri-Service Chiefs and Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar. He is on an official visit to India from August 24-26, 2021.

    Indian Navy participates in Naval Exercise Malabar

    Indian Navy is participating in the sea phase of Exercise Malabar 2021 from 26 – 29 August 2021 along with the US Navy (USN), Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).This year marks the 25th edition of Ex Malabar, being hosted by USN in the Western Pacific.The Indian Navy’s participation includes INS Shivalik and INS Kadmatt and P8I patrol aircraft led by Rear Admiral Tarun Sobti, VSM, Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet. The US Navy will be represented by USS Barry, USNS Rappahannock, USNS Big Horn and P8A patrol aircraft. The Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force will be represented by JS Kaga, Murasame and Shiranui, in addition to a submarine and P1 patrol aircraft. The Royal Australian Navy will be represented by HMAS Warramunga.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    MoD signs Rs 1,350 crore contract for Integrated Anti-Submarine Warfare Defence Suites with an Indian company

    Ministry of Defence (MoD) has concluded a contract with Mahindra Defence Systems Limited for procurement of 14 Integrated Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Defence Suites (IADS) at a cost of Rs 1,349.95 crore in New Delhi on August 27, 2021.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Indian Navy’s Maiden Exercise with Algerian Navy

    As part of her ongoing goodwill visit to Europe and Africa, INS Tabar took part in a Maritime Partnership Exercise with Algerian Navy ship ‘Ezzadjer’ on 29 Aug 21. The exercise, held off the Algerian coast, saw participation of a frontline Algerian warship, ‘Ezzadjer’.

    BEL to supply of Naval Anti drone system

    Indian Navy has signed contract with Navratna Defence PSU Bharat Limited (BEL) for supply of the first indigenous comprehensive Naval Anti Drone System (NADS) with both hard kill and soft kill capabilities in New Delhi on August 31, 2021.

    INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

    Africa
    Somalia
    Somali army killed 60 al-Shabaab terrorists in Lower Shabelle

    On 17 August 2021, the Somali National Army (SNA) eliminated 60 al-Shabaab terrorists during a foiled attack on two military camps—Sabiid and Anole, in Lower Shabelle in Somalia. “We received intelligence inputs that the terrorists are grouped to attack outside Sabiid and Anole. Our soldiers killed 60 terrorists, including two al-Shabaab commanders,” said the SNA commander—Daud Abukar Abdi.
    On 02 April 2019, Somali security forces and African Union peacekeeping personnel liberated the strategic town of Sabiid.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    “al-Shabaab may try to imitate Taliban in Somalia”, warned security experts

    Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan may encourage other Islamic extremist groups, such as al-Shabaab in Somalia. “Somalia could see a similar development unless the Somali government ends its over-dependence on international security forces. Although al-Shabaab does not possess the military-like power of the Taliban, but nothing would stop them if they chose the similar path,” said former Somali intelligence official Abdulsalam Gulaid.

    According to the Somalia Transition Plan, approved by the government and the African Union Mission in Somalia, AMISOM, the AMISOM peacekeeping forces will gradually transfer security responsibilities to Somali security agencies before the complete pull-out. In July 2021, more than 250 al-Shabaab terrorists had been killed during Somali military operations unaided by AMISOM.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    US drone targeted Islamic State terrorists in Kabul

    On 29 August 2021, a United States (US) drone strike killed a suicide car bomber, affiliated with Islamic State-Khurasan Province (IS-KP) group, who was preparing to strike Kabul airport. Earlier, on 26 August 2021, an IS suicide bomber carried out an operation outside the Kabul airport in which 13 US troops were martyred and several Afghan civilians were killed.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Foreign terrorists of IS-KP and al-Qa’ida entered Afghanistan via Pakistan, cited UN report

    According to the United Nations (UN) Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring report, almost all foreign terrorists of Islamic State-Khurasan Province (IS-KP) and al-Qa’ida have entered Afghanistan via Pakistan, and also, the leaders of these outfits along with those of the Taliban have been living in Pakistan. The report also established ties between IS-KP, Taliban, and al-Qa’ida.

    “The Taliban’s capture of Kabul has invited radical Islamic groups in the region to move into Afghanistan. The ‘creeping aggression’ of Pakistan will soon turn Afghanistan into a breeding ground of terror,” said Mahmoud Saikal, former Afghanistan envoy to the UN.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Pakistan
    “Pakistan engineered Taliban’s return to Kabul,” claimed US experts

    The United States (US) analysts claimed that Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) provided planning assistance, training expertise, and even the ground advice to the Taliban all through the operations leading up to the capture of Kabul. The US experts cited that in last three months, the Pakistani military waved a surge of new breed of terrorists across the border from sanctuaries inside Pakistan.
    “The Taliban would not be where they are without the assistance of the Pakistanis,” said Douglas London, a former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Counter-Terrorism chief for South and South-West Asia.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    DOMESTIC TERRORISM

    Jammu and Kashmir
    Security forces eliminated three JeM terrorists in Pulwama

    On 21 August 2021, security forces eliminated three Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorists in a counter-terrorism (CT) operation in Pulwama district in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Acting upon inputs, security forces launched Cordon and Search Operation (CaSO) in the forest area of Nagbaeran Tral in Pulwama district. The search operation led to the exchange of fire between security forces and terrorists after latter fired at the security forces.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    NIA charge-sheeted seven terrorists in narco-terrorism case

    On 27 August 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a supplementary charge-sheet against seven terrorists—Showkat Salam Parray, Asif Gul, Altaf Ahmed Shah, Romesh Kumar, Mudasir Ahmed Dar, Amin Allaiaka Hilal Mir, Abdul Rashid, in a narco-terrorism case, in NIA Special Court, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

    On 11 June 2020, an accused terrorist—Abdul Momin Peer was intercepted Police Naka party at Kairo Bridge, Handwara. Abdul Peer was travelling from Baramulla to Handwara. During search cash amounting to ₹ 20,01,000 and two kilograms of Heroin was seized. The investigation has revealed that seven accused terrorists were involved in conspiracy for procuring and selling narcotic substances and generating funds in the J&K in close association with terrorist groups, including Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM).
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    Security forces arrested six LeT terrorists from Bandipora district

    Security forces, on 24 August 2021, arrested six Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorists from Bandipora district in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) and recovered arms and ammunition from their possession. The arrested terrorists have been identified as MuzaffarMohiuddin Lone, Mohammad Amin Lone, RizwanQadir Lone, Imtiyaz Ahmad Lone, Javaid Ahmed Lone, and Mohammad Saleem Khan.

    “The preliminary investigation revealed that the arrested terrorists were providing shelter, logistics, and other support to the other active LeT terrorists in Bandipora district,” said a police official on the condition of anonymity.
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    Two HM terrorists were killed in CT operation in Pulwama

    On 20 August 2021, security forces killed two Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM) terrorists in an exchange of fire in the Pampore area of Awantipora in Pulwama district, Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). “Both terrorists were part of the hit squad of HM responsible for killing civilians in South Kashmir. An AK-47 rifle, and a pistol was recovered from the operation site,” said J&K Director General of Police (DGP) Dilbag Singh.
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    Left-Wing Extremism
    Two high-ranking Maoists arrested in joint operations in Jharkhand

    In a joint anti-Naxal operation on 19-20 August 2021, the Jharkhand and Bihar police arrested two high-ranking Maoists—Ramesh Ganjhu and Pradyuman Sharma, from Chatra and Hazaribagh districts respectively.
    Ganjhu was involved in several ambushes against security forces in the past two decades across Jharkhand and Bihar. Pradyuman Sharma was arrested during a combing operation in forested area in Hazaribagh district.
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    Two ITBP personnel attained Veergati in a Maoist attack in Chhattisgarh

    On 20 August 2021, two Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) personnel—Assistant Commandant Sudhakar Shinde, and Assistant Sub Inspector (ASI) Gurmukh Singh, attained Veergati in a Maoist attack in Narayanpur district in Chhattisgarh.
    “A squad from the Kadameta camp of the 45th Battalion of the ITBP, had gone on an area domination operation, when a small group of armed Maoists fired on them. The Maoists escaped with an AK-47 rifle, two bulletproof jackets, and a wireless set belonging to the security personnel,” said Inspector General of Police (IGP) Bastar—P Sundarraj.
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    Islamic Extremism
    NIA arrested two IS terrorists in ‘IS Kerala module case’ from Kerala.

    On 17 August 2021, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) arrested two Islamic State (IS) terrorists—Mizha Siddeeque and Shifa Harris, from Kerala in connection with ‘IS Kerala module case’. On 05 March 2021, NIA registered a suo moto case against Mohammed Ameen aka Abu Yahya and his associates, under Sections 120-B, 121, and 121-A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Sections 17, 18, 188, 20, 38, and 40 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A].
    Investigations revealed that Mohammed Ameen have been running various IS propaganda channels on different social media platforms such as Telegram, Hoop, and Instagram for propagating violent ideology of IS, and radicalisation & recruitment of new members for the IS module.
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    BRICS adopted a new action plan to combat terrorism and terror-financing

    In the BRICS’s National Security Advisers (NSAs) meeting held virtually on 25 August 2021, the top security officials of the member nations adopted an action plan to boost practical cooperation in combating terrorism and terror financing. In action plan, India raised the issue of cross-border terrorism and activities of groups such as Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) which enjoys ‘State-support’ and threaten peace and security of the region. The meeting was chaired by India’s NSA—Ajit Doval.
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    Khalistan-inspired Extremism
    Police arrested two ISYF terrorists from Kapurthala and Jalandhar districts.

    On 20 August 2021, Punjab police arrested two International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF) terrorists—Gagandeep Singh and Gurmukh Singh, from Phagwara and Jalandhar respectively. Police recovered huge cache of live grenades and tiffin bomb, along with pistols and ammunition from their possession.
    During the investigation, Gagandeep Singh revealed that a large weapons consignment had been sent from across the border via drones over the last few months. The major part of the consignment is with his associate—Gurmukh Singh. Swiftly acting on information, police raided the Gurmukh’s house in Jalandhar and arrested him. During the search of Gurmukh’s house, police seized two live hand grenades, a box of detonators, two tubes suspected to contain RDX, one roll of high explosive yellow wire, Indian currency worth ₹ 3.75 lakh, a licensed pistol .45 bore, 14 Indian Passports, a .30 pistol along with two magazines.
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    CYBER, INFORMATION WARFARE & AI (SECURITY PERSPECTIVE)

    Ragnarok ransomware threat actors released the ‘master key’ to decrypt infected files.

    In a sudden move, the Ragnarok ransomware group shutdown their cyber-attack and released the master key that can decrypt the files locked with their malware. The threat actor did not leave an explanatory note about the sudden move, however, replaced all the victims on their leak site with a short instruction on how to decrypt the files.
    The Ragnarok ransomware group has been around since January 2020 and claimed dozens of victims after making headlines for exploiting the ‘Citrix ADC vulnerability’ in 2020. The affected companies are of various sectors including manufacturing and legal services, and are based in France, Estonia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Thailand, the US, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Spain, and Italy.
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    The US and Singapore pledged for deeper cooperation in cyber security

    On 23 August 2021, the United States (US) and Singapore have signed three Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) to strengthen their collaboration on cyber security across defence, financial, and research & development (R&D) sectors. One of these MoUs included an agreement between Singapore’s Cyber Security Agency (CSA) and the US Cyber Security and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) to deepen the cooperation in cyber security beyond data sharing and exchanges.
    “Cyber threats do not adhere to borders, which is why international collaboration is a key part of the Biden-Harris administration’s approach to cyber security. The MoU allows us to strengthen our existing partnership with Singapore, so that we can more effectively work together to collectively defend against the threats of today and secure against the risks of tomorrow,” said CISA Director—Jen Easterly.
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    Intelligent Waves won the contract from the USAF’s IW Research Project

    Technology systems integrator—Intelligent Waves has been awarded an Information Warfare Research Project (IWRP) contract worth USD 8.4 million, for the acceleration and implementation of advanced wireless communications in both continental and outside continental US regions. “We will leverage our combined 5G and information security expertise to help protect the nation’s most critical assets, ushering a next-generation of speed and security for operators in-country and OCONUS,” said Intelligent Waves’ CTO Marqus Hutchison.
    Under the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense – Research & Engineering and the US Air Force Warfare Centre (AFWC), the Defense Department has established the “5G to Next G” program. Intelligent Waves will be tasked with building a localized, private full-scale 5G cellular network with nomadic towers/base stations (5G test-bed) to support secure connectivity between the disaggregated operations centres.
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    Interpol issued global alerts as cyber criminals target governments with COVID-19 vaccine scams

    The Interpol has issued a global alert for Organised Crime Groups (OCGs) attempting to defraud the governments with fake offers to sell COVID-19 vaccines. Some 60 cases in 40 countries around the world emerged where officials in health ministries and hospitals have received scam offers for COVID-19 vaccines approved for distribution in their country.
    Usually claiming to represent a vaccine manufacturer or a government agency facilitating the distribution of vaccines, the scammers are targeting both professional and personal email accounts of potential buyers, as well as making contact via phone.
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    Hacker stole records of T-Mobile’s 54.6 million customers

    After gaining unauthorised access through Brute Force into the T-Mobile network’s testing environments, an unidentified hacker stole data belonging to 54.6 million current, former, or prospective customers, containing Social Security Numbers (SSNs), phone numbers, names, addresses, dates of birth, prepaid PINs, and driver license/ID information. However, the attacker could not exfiltrate customer financial information, credit card information, debit or any other payment information.
    “The bad actor leveraged their knowledge of technical systems, along with specialised tools and capabilities, to gain access to our testing environments and then used brute force attacks and other methods to make their way into other IT servers that included customer data,” said Mike Sievert—T-Mobile’s CEO.
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