Tag Archives: Khalistan

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 October 2022

DEFENCE
  • Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy, visit to New Zealand.
  • Indigenously Designed and Developed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) inducted into Indian Air Force.
  • India-UK Defence Consultative Group (DCG) meeting.
  • First Training Squadron (1TS) at Port Al-Shuwaikh, Kuwait.
  • Indigenisation of 72 Items by Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) before their original timelines.
  • Government approves creation of Weapon Systems branch in Indian Air Force.
  • INS Tarkashin South Africa to participate in the seventh edition of IBSAMAR.
  • ‘Invest for Defence’, the first ever marquee event of Ministry of Defence will be inaugurated by Raksha Mantri.
  • 4th DAs Conference.
  • DRDO to display 430 strategic & tactical weapon systems, defence equipment & technologies in DefExpo2022.
  • 25th Meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs.
  • INS Arihant carries out successful launch of Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile.
  • 18th Heads of Asian Coast Guard Agencies Meeting.
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
West Asia
Syria
  • Bus bombing killed 18 Syrian soldiers in a Damascus suburb.
Africa
Somalia
  • Al-Shabaab terrorists attacked a government building and killed at least 20 people in Beledweyne town.
Mali
  • At least 11 people were killed in an IED explosion in Mopti area in Central Mali.
DOMESTIC TERRORISM
Jammu and Kashmir
  • NIA searched multiple locations and arrested a suspect from Rajouri, in connection with terror funding case.
  • Security forces eliminated four terrorists in two separate operations in Shopian.
  • Security forces seized three each IEDs and Sticky bombs, dropped by a drone in Kathua.
  • GoI designated Imtiyaz Ahmad Kandoo of HM as a terrorist under UA(P)A.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • NIA filed chargesheet against two Maoists in Naxal case.
  • Two Maoists and three sympathisers of CPI (Maoist) arrested from Telangana.
  • Top Maoist leader surrendered in Telagana.
Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
  • UP ATS arrested 08 terror suspects over connection with al-Qa’ida and its affiliated group.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • India issued demarche to Canada against forthcoming ‘Khalistan Referendum-II’.
  • Interpol rejected India’s request for Red Corner Notice (RCN) against SFJ chief Pannun.
DEFENCE
Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy, visit to New Zealand.

Adm R Hari Kumar, Chief of the Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy, visited New Zealand from 29 September to 01 October 22. The CNS held detailed deliberations with Rear Admiral David Proctor, Chief of Navy, RNZN. The discussions covered a wide spectrum of maritime cooperation opportunities. Both leaders exhibited enthusiasm towards expanding the scale and scope of bilateral engagements in the coming years. In a milestone development, an Agreement on White Shipping Information Exchange, was signed during this visit. Click here to read…

Indigenously Designed and Developed Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) inducted into Indian Air Force.

Raksha Mantri today presided over the formal induction of Light Combat Helicopter (LCH), designed and developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), into the Indian Air Force (IAF) in Jodhpur, naming LCH as “Prachanda”. The LCH is the first indigenous Multi-Role Combat Helicopter designed and manufactured by HAL. The helicopter possesses modern stealth characteristics, robust armour protection and night attack capability. Onboard advanced navigation system, guns tailored for close combat and air to air missiles make the LCH especially suited for the modern battlefield. Capable of operating from high altitude terrain and carrying out precision strike at high altitude targets. Click here to read…

India-UK Defence Consultative Group (DCG) meeting.

Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar co-chaired the India-UK Defence Consultative Group (DCG) meeting with his counterpart Mr David Williams, UK Permanent Under Secretary of State for Defence in London on 03 October, 2022. They reviewed the progress of various Service level bilateral groups and other defence cooperation mechanisms. Dr Ajay Kumar held discussion on wide range of issues relating to the defence and industrial cooperation between India and UK. Both sides considered new areas for defence industrial cooperation, explored emerging domains such as cyber and Artificial Intelligence, and committed to work together for strengthening the bilateral defence relationship. Later, Defence Secretary also held a bilateral meeting with UK NSA Sir Tim Barrow. Click here to read…

First Training Squadron (1TS) at Port Al-Shuwaikh, Kuwait.

The ships of First Training Squadron (1TS) comprising INS Tir, Sujata and CGS Sarathi arrived at Port Al-Shuwaikh, Kuwait on 04 Oct 22. The ships are deployed in the Persian Gulf as part of their training deployment. Click here to read…

Indigenisation of 72 Items by Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) before their original timelines.

72 items out of total of 214 items mentioned in 1st and 2nd Positive Indigenisation List (PIL) have been indigenised by Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) well before their original indigenisation timelines of December 2023, December 2024 and December 2025. The remaining 142 items are being indigenised within the timeline of December 2022. Some of the main Sub-systems/ Line Replacement Units (LRUs) indigenised include Magazine Fire Fighting System for Ships, Steering Gear System and Fin Stabilisers with Control for Frigates, Pressurised containers for Akash Missiles, KOE charge for Konkurs Missiles and Electric Motor, Decontamination set and Prism optical instrument for Battle Tanks. Details of all the indigenised items are available on “SRIJAN Portal”.Click here to read…

Government approves creation of Weapon Systems branch in Indian Air Force.

Government has approved the creation of a new branch, called the Weapon Systems (WS) branch. The creation of WS branch would entail unification of all weapon system operators under one entity dedicated to the operational employment of all ground-based and specialist airborne weapon systems. The branch would encompass operators in four specialised streams of Surface-to-Surface missiles, Surface-to-Air missiles, Remotely Piloted Aircraft and Weapon System Operators in twin/multi-crew aircraft. Click here to read…

INS Tarkash in South Africa to participate in the seventh edition of IBSAMAR.

INS Tarkash reached Port Gqeberha, South Africa to participate in the seventh edition of IBSAMAR, a joint multinational maritime exercise among Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies from 10 – 12 Oct 22. The previous edition of IBSAMAR (IBSAMAR VI) was conducted off Simons Town, South Africa from 2018. Click here to read…

‘Invest for Defence’, the first ever marquee event of Ministry of Defencewill be inaugurated by Raksha Mantri.

‘Invest for Defence’, the first ever marquee event of Ministry of Defence, targeted to promote investment in the defence sector in the country both by the Indian industry as well Foreign Original Equipment Manufacturers, will be inaugurated by Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh on October 20, 2022 during the 12th edition of DefExpo. The event will highlight the requirements of the Armed Forces and policy reforms undertaken by the Government for ease of doing business in the defence sector. It provides the industry with the opportunities and the advantages of investing in the sector and thus contributing to maximising the indigenous production. Click here to read…

4th DAs Conference.

Raksha Mantri delivered the inaugural address at the two-day 4th DAs Conference being held in New Delhi on 13th October, 2022. Appreciating the performance of the DAs, Raksha Mantri said that defence attachés make a significant contribution in securing national interests in line with foreign policy; strengthening international cooperation and enhancing the capabilities & preparedness of the Armed Forces. After this conclave the DAs will also accompany the delegations from the Friendly Foreign Countries attending the DefExpo-22 which is starting from 17th October at Gandhinagar Gujarat. Click here to read…

DRDO to display 430 strategic & tactical weapon systems, defence equipment & technologies in DefExpo2022.

Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) will display a wide range of 430 products encompassing the strategic and tactical weapon systems, defence equipment and technologies developed in DefExpo 2022 being held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. The major theme for this year’s DRDO participation is based on 3D (DRDO, Designed and Developed) ecosphere which will highlight its strong linkages with both Industry as well as Academia. Click here to read…

25th Meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs.

The 25th meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC) was held on 14 October 2022. The two sides reviewed the situation along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Western Sector of India-China border areas. Recalling the developments since the last meeting of WMCC in May 2022, they welcomed the disengagement in the area of Gogra-Hot Springs (PP-15) that was carried out in a phased, coordinated and verified manner between 8-12 September 2022. They noted that these steps reflected the understandings between External Affairs Minister and Chinese State Councillor & Foreign Minister, including at their recent meeting in Bali in July 2022.

The two sides agreed to continue discussions through diplomatic and military channels to resolve the remaining issues along the LAC at the earliest so as to create conditions for restoration of normalcy in bilateral relations. To achieve the objective of resolution of remaining issues along the LAC in the Western Sector in accordance with the existing bilateral agreements and protocols, they agreed to hold the next (17th) round of the Senior Commanders meeting at an early date. Click here to read…

INS Arihant carries out successful launch of Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile.

INS Arihant carried out a successful launch of a Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) on October 14, 2022. The missile was tested to a predetermined range and impacted the target area in the Bay of Bengal with very high accuracy. All operational and technological parameters of the weapon system have been validated. The successful user training launch of the SLBM by INS Arihant is significant to prove crew competency and validate the SSBN programme, a key element of India’s nuclear deterrence capability. A robust, survivable and assured retaliatory capability is in keeping with India’s policy to have “Credible Minimum Deterrence” that underpins its ‘No First Use’ commitment. Click here to read…

18th Heads of Asian Coast Guard Agencies Meeting.

Raksha Mantri has reaffirmed India’s resolve for open, free and rule-based maritime borders in the Indo-Pacific region. He was delivering the inaugural address at 18th Heads of Asian Coast Guard Agencies Meeting (HACGAM) in New Delhi on October 15, 2022. “We stand for open, free, rule-based maritime borders in Indo-pacific, in which no nation, how-so-ever big, may be allowed to appropriate the global common or exclude others from its fair use. We are always ready and forthcoming to work with all the like-minded partner countries across various forums towards this endeavor,” Shri Rajnath Singh said.

The RakshaMantri stressed that India’s shared vision of ‘SAGAR’ (Security and Growth of All in Region), Sustainable Development Goals and ‘Rule Based Order at Sea’ complement the focused Indian approach of inclusive growth and lasting collaboration in the Indo-Pacific region. He highlighted India‘s focus towards blue economy and strongly advocated the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods and jobs and preserving the health of ocean ecosystem.

Indian Coast Guard (ICG) is hosting 18th HACGAM in coordination with HACGAM secretariat from October 14-18, 2022. A total of 55 representatives from 18 countries and two International Organisations. The HACGAM is a multilateral forum of 23 countries viz. Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, France, India, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Maldives, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkiye, Vietnam and one Region i.e. Hong Kong (China). Additionally, two international organisations viz. The 1st HACGAM was hosted by Japan Coast Guard in 2004 at Tokyo. This is the only forum where all the heads of Asian CG agencies congregate. Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
West Asia
Syria
Bus bombing killed 18 Syrian soldiers in a Damascus suburb.

On 13 October 2022, Syria’s State media reported that 18 Syrian soldiers were martyred and at least 27 were wounded in a bus bombing in Damascus suburb. Over the past years, similar attacks have killed and wounded dozens of soldiers in government-controlled parts of Syria. In March 2021, Islamist terrorists attacked a military convoy near Palmyra in central Syria in which 13 troops were martyred and 18 others were severely injured.

Despite losing territory control since 2019, Islamic State (IS) have been involved in such attacks, mainly in Southern and Central Syria. Since 2018, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS) captured a town of Afrin that had been held by Turkey-based opposition fighters. Click here to read…

Africa
Somalia
Al-Shabaab terrorists attacked a government building and killed at least 20 people in Beledweyne town.

On 03 October 2022, al-Shabaab terrorists attacked a local Somali government headquarters and killed at least 20 people in Beledweyne town in Hiran region. At least 36 people were injured in the attack. Earlier on the same day, Somalia’s government had announced that along with international partners, they had killed a top al-Shabaab leader— Abdullahi Nadir. On 01 October 2022, the United States (US) military carried out an airstrike in the South-West Somalia and killed a top al-Shabaab leader. “The Health minister of Hirshabelle State and the Deputy Governor of Hiran in-charge of finance were among those killed in the attack,” said Ali Jayte Osman, the Hiran Governor.

The initial explosion happened at the front gate. “A heavy truck rushed toward the headquarters building and exploded after a few minutes, killing numerous citizens who had come to the office to obtain services. Cowards carried out this atrocity, but their heinous crimes will never detract from the public backlash against them,” said Governor Osman. Click here to read…

Mali
At least 11 people were killed in an IED explosion in Mopti area in Central Mali.

On 13 October 2022, at least 11 people were killed and 53 were injured in a IED (Improvised Explosive Device) explosion in a bus on the road between Bandiagara and Goundaka in the Mopti area in Central Mali. Mines and IEDs area favourite weapons of choice among Islamic extremists. According to a report by MINUSMA, mines and IEDs had caused 72 deaths in a year as of 31 August 2022. In 2021, 103 people were killed and 297 were injured by IED and mines explosions. Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM
Jammu and Kashmir
NIA searched multiple locations and arrested a suspect from Rajouri, in connection with terror funding case.

On 11 October 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) searched 18 locations in Rajouri, Poonch, Jammu, Srinagar, Bandipora, Shopian, Pulwama and Budgam districts in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), and arrested a suspect— Mohammad Ameer Shamshi, involved in terror funding activities of Al-Huda Educational Trust (AHET) in Rajouri, J&K.

The AHET is one of the front organisations of Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI)-J&K, and has been involved in raising funds through several means, including donations and Hawala channels, for charity purposes, but are instead using these funds to radicalise and incite the youth of J&K for terror and other criminal activities. Mohammad Shamshi is the chairperson or Nizam-e-Ala of the AHET and acts on the directions of the chief patron of the trust. During the search, the NIA officials seized several mobile devices and documents related to funding and properties. Click here to read…

Security forces eliminated four terrorists in two separate operations in Shopian.

On 05 October 2022, security forces killed four terrorists of Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) and Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) in two separate counter-terrorism (CT) operations in Shopian district of the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

In two operations, three JeM terrorists were killed in Drach area, whereas, a LeT terrorist was eliminate in Moolu area in Shopian district. Two of the three JeM terrorists were identified as— i) Hanan Bin Yaqoob, and ii) Jamshed. The duo, on 02 October, killed Special Police Officer (SPO) Javed Dar at Pinglana in Pulwama. Click here to read…

Security forces seized three each IEDs and Sticky bombs, dropped by a drone in Kathua.

On 08 October 2022, security forces recovered three each IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices) and Sticky bombs, as part of the consignment dropped by a drone from Pakistan, from Malhar village of Kathua district. The recovery was based on the confession of Zakir Hussain Bhat aka Umar Farooq, a Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorist who was arrested from Kathua on 02 October 2022. Farooq received a consignment of IEDs and Sticky bombs to carry out attacks in the Jammu region. Click here to read…

Government of India designated Imtiyaz Ahmad Kandoo of HM as a terrorist under UA(P)A.

On 04 October 2022, the Government of India (GoI) designated Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM) terrorist— Imtiyaz Ahmad Kandoo aka Fayaz Sopore as a terrorist under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A], for radicalising the youth to join terrorist group to carry out terror activities in the Kashmir. At present, Imtiyaz is based in Pakistan.

In a notification issued on 04 October, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) took action in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (a) of sub-section (1) of Section 35 of the UA (P) A, 1967. Along with Imtiyaz, the GoI designated 09 other terrorists of HM, Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), and other terror groups. Among 10 terrorists banned under the UA(P)A, five are associated with HM, two are with Tehreekul-Mujahideen (TuM), and one each of LeT, Jammu and Kashmir Islamic Front (JKIF), and Harkatul-Jihad-e-Islami (HuJI). Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
NIA filed chargesheet against two Maoists in Naxal case.

On 08 October 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed chargesheet against two Maoists— i) Vijay Kumar Arya, and ii) Umesh Chaudhary, who were found in the possession of Naxal-related material, Levy receipts, and electronic devices containing incriminating data.

In the case— RC-19/2022/NIA/DLI, the investigation revealed that Vijay Kumar— a Central Committee Member of CPI (Maoist), was involved in propagating the CPI (Maoist) ideology and recruitment of others. Whereas, Umesh Chaudhary acted as an Over-Ground Worker (OGW) and was part of the conspiracy for furthering activities of the CPI (Maoist).
For more information: Click here to read…

Two Maoists and three sympathisers of CPI (Maoist) arrested from Telangana.

On 09 October 2022, Telangana Police arrested two Maoists, including a woman Maoist— Madakam Ungi aka Kamala (30 years-old), and three sympathisers of CPI (Maoist) during vehicle checking at Mulugu road in Warangal, Telangana. Upon arrest, 50 gelatine sticks and equal number of detonators, revolutionary literature, ₹ 74,000 in cash, mobile phones and Aadhaar cards were seized from them.

Another arrested Maoist identified as Aasam Sohen (35 years-old), and three Maoist sympathisers— native of Chhattisgarh, were accompanying Ungi in the vehicle. Click here to read…

Top Maoist leader surrendered in Telagana.

On 08 October 2022, Usha Rani, a top leader of proscribed terror organisation— CPI (Maoist) surrendered before Telangana police. Usha Rani, a Divisional Committee Member of the North Sub-Zonal Bureau of the Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee of CPI (Maoist) laid down arms before Telangana’s Director-General of Police (DGP)— M Mahender Reddy.

According to Police records, Usha Rani was actively involved in more than a dozen crimes during her undercover existence in both Telangana and Chhattisgarh. These include five assaults on security forces personnel, three gunfights with law-enforcement personnel, three building explosions, one kidnapping, and two assault instances. Click here to read…

Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
UP ATS arrested 08 terror suspects over connection with al-Qa’ida and its affiliated group.

In a statement released on 10 October 2022, the Uttar Pradesh (UP)’s Additional Director-General of Police (ADGP)- Law and Order, Prashant Kumar said that the UP Anti-Terrorist Squad (ATS) arrested 08 terror suspects for their alleged connections with al-Qa’ida’s affiliated al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) and its affiliate Jamaatul-Mujahideen (JuM) from various locations in UP and Uttarakhand. The eight terror suspects identified as – i) Lukman, ii) Mohammad Alim, iii) Kamil, iv) Shahzad, v) Mudassir, vi) Nawaizsh Ansari, vii) Mukhtar and viii) Ali Noor (a Bangladeshi national).

“The ATS officials also recovered electronic evidence of alleged terror-funding and jihadi literature from the locations, confirming their links to terrorist organisations. The suspects were discovered in contact with people who were active in strengthening terrorist organisations and networks, as well as connecting an increasing number of people with radical ideologues on religious grounds in India,” read the statement. Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
India issued demarche to Canada against forthcoming ‘Khalistan Referendum-II’.

Over the concerns of recent infamous developments in Khalistan propaganda in Canada, the Government of India (GoI) served the Canada High Commission in India a demarche to be conveyed to the Canadian Prime Minister— Justin Trudeau, highlighting discontent and urging the Canadian government to stop Khalistan Referendum-II scheduled to be organised in Ontario on 06 November 2022. The first Referendum held in Brampton, Ontario on 18 September 2022. The GoI have also flagged concerns over allowing Sikh For Justice (SFJ), a pro-Khalistan organisation, to flourish and further allowing Indian students in Canada to vote for the SFJ’s Khalistan Referendum.

Earlier, on September 18, 2022, over 100,000 Canadian Sikhs voted in the Khalistan Referendum in Brampton, Ontario, which was organised by the pro-Khalistani group Sikhs For Justice (SFJ). Social media images showed a large number of men and women queuing to vote in the Khalistan Referendum. Click here to read…

Interpol rejected India’s request for Red Corner Notice (RCN) against SFJ chief Pannun.

The Interpol rejected India’s second request to issue Red Corner Notice (RCN) on terror charges against the pro-Khalistan organisation— Sikh For Justice (SFJ)’s chief Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, stating that Indian authorities failed to provide sufficient evidences/information to support the case against Pannun.

Interpol also flagged the concern that the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A], under which the RCN was asked for, has been a subject of criticism for being ‘misused’ to target minority groups and right activists without respecting their Rights to due process and a fair trial. However, according to the Interpol’s understanding, Pannun is a high-profile Sikh separatist and the SFJ is a group that advocates for an independent Khalistan. Nonetheless, it concluded that Pannun’s activities have a “clear political dimension”, which, according to Interpol’s Constitution, cannot be the subject of a RCN. Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-30 September 2022

DEFENCE
  • Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh visit to Egypt.
  • MOD signs a deal for dual role Surface-to-Surface BrahMos missile with BAPL.
  • Mehar Baba Competition –II.
  • Preparations for Def-Expo 2022.
  • Participation in Combined Maritime Forces Exercise.
  • INS Tarkash at Port Gentil, Gabon.
  • 5thAnnual Session of Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM).
  • Successful Flight Tests of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) Missile by DRDO.
  • Multinational Maritime Exercise Kakadu 2022.
  • Government appoints Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).
  • Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy visited Australia.
  • Republic of Korea (ROK) Navy Cruise Training Task Group arrived in Chennai on a three-day visit.
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
Africa
Somalia
  • At least 27 al-Shabaab terrorists were killed in a US airstrike in the Hiran region of Somalia.
Burkina Faso
  • Islamist terrorists attacked an aid convoy in the northern province of Soum.
Nigeria
  • Security forces killed 07 Boko Haram terrorists in a CT operation in Borno State.
Afghanistan
  • The US raised terrorism concerns in Afghanistan and is ready to engage “pragmatically” with the Taliban.
  • Three people were killed and many injured in an explosion in Kabul.
  • At least 07 people were killed in a blast near Mosque in Kabul.
DOMESTIC TERRORISM
Jammu and Kashmir
  • Security forces eliminated three JeM terrorists in Kulgam.
  • SIA filed a chargesheet against three accused, including a former minister, in a terror-funding case.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • Security forces arrested a ‘most-wanted’ Maoist from Maharashtra.
  • Around 700 Maoist supporters surrendered before Odisha police and BSF.
Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
  • NIA searched several locations across India and arrested PFI leaders and members concerning the registered case.
  • “PFI members have connections with SIMI and Indian Mujahideen”, claimed NIA.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • NIA filed suppl. Chargesheet in a “conspiracy of targeted killing by KTF” case.
  • India raised concerns over the ‘Khalistan Referendum’ and pressed Canada for action against the same.
Narcotics Trafficking
  • NIA arrested 26th accused in Heroin seizure case at Mundra Port.
DEFENCE
Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh visited Egypt from September 19-20, 2022

Raksha Mantri (RM) was on an official visit to Egypt from September 19-20, 2022. RM called on President of Egypt Mr Abdel Fattah El-Sisi in Cairo. President El-Sisi expressed appreciation that military-to-military cooperation between both the countries has reached a new level and that signing of MoU on defence cooperation is a major achievement. Both leaders agreed to further develop military cooperation and focus on joint training, defence coproduction and maintenance of equipment.

RM also held bilateral talks with Egyptian Defence Minister General Mohamed Zaki in Cairo on September 19, 2022. During the meeting, both sides discussed steps to strengthen defence ties and reached a consensus to enhance conduct of joint exercises and exchange of personnel for training, especially in the field of counter-insurgency. Signing of MoU by the two Defence Ministers on cooperation in the field of defence was a milestone event during the visit, which will pave the way for enhancing defence cooperation across all sectors of mutual interest. The RM also invited his Egyptian counterpart to the India-Africa Defence Dialogue and IOR Defence Ministers’ Conclave, scheduled to be held as part of 12th DefExpo in Gandhinagar, Gujarat from October 18-22, 2022. Click here to read…

MOD signs a deal for dual role Surface-to-Surface BrahMos missile with BAPL.

Providing further impetus to Aatmanirbharta in defence production, the Ministry of Defence (MOD) signed a contract with M/s BrahMos Aerospace Pvt. Ltd. (BAPL) for acquisition of additional dual-role capable Surface to Surface BrahMos missiles at an overall approximate cost of ₹ 1700 Crore under “Buy-Indian” Category. Induction of these dual-role capable Missiles is going to significantly enhance the operational capability of Indian Navy (IN) fleet assets.

BAPL is a Joint Venture (JV) between India and Russia making crucial contribution to augment the new generation Surface-to-Surface Missiles (SSMs) with enhanced range and dual role capability for land as well as anti-ship attacks. Click here to read…

Mehar Baba Competition –II

To provide a boost to the growing indigenous drone industry, RM had launched the “MEHAR BABA COMPETITION-II”. The competition is aimed at developing technology for a “Swarm Drone Based System to Detect Foreign Objects on Aircraft Operating Surfaces”. The competition is named after the legendary Air Commodore Mehar Singh, MVC, DSO – affectionately also known as Mehar Baba. The first edition of the competition was launched in October 2018 and had culminated in October 2021.

All aircraft operators face a challenge in keeping the aircraft operating surfaces clean and clear of Foreign Object Debris (FOD). Very often, this is a labour-intensive task that needs to be repeated over a day. This manpower could be more gainfully employed if personnel could focus solely on their core tasks. Furthermore, visual spotting of FOD in low light conditions becomes rather challenging. Hence, the IAF is seeking innovative solutions towards detection of FOD without physical employment of manpower on the aircraft operating surfaces. Click here to read…

Preparations for Def-Expo 2022.

The 12th edition of DefExpo is scheduled to be held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat between October 18-22, 2022 in a first ever four-venue format which promises to engage the public and inspire them to join the Aerospace and Defence manufacturing sector; for ‘Aatmanirbharta’ in Defence. The Def-Expo 2022 was earlier scheduled from March 10-14, 2022 and was postponed due to logistical challenges being faced by participants at that stage. The new dates (October 18-22, 2022) were announced on August 08, 2022. The forthcoming edition is the first-ever edition exclusively for Indian companies.

The theme of DefExpo 2022 is ‘Path to Pride’. The expo will also mark the celebration of one year of the formation of the seven new defence companies, carved out of the erstwhile Ordnance Factories. All these companies will be participating for the first time at DefExpo.
The exhibition will also host the 2nd edition of the India-Africa Defence Dialogue (IADD), with invites extended to 53 African countries. A separate Indian Ocean Region plus (IOR+) conclave with participation of approximately 40 countries is also on the anvil. Click here to read…

Participation in Combined Maritime Forces Exercise.

INS Sunayna entered Port Victoria Seychelles on 24 Sep 22 to participate in the annual training exercise Operation Southern Readiness of Combined Maritime Forces (CMF). This marks the maiden participation of an Indian Navy ship in CMF exercise. The ship is scheduled to participate as associate partner in the capacity building exercises being conducted by CMF. The joint training exercise is being attended by representative delegations from USA, Italy, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and ship participation from UK, Spain & India. Click here to read…
For more information: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1862198

INS Tarkash at Port Gentil, Gabon.

INS Tarkash made a port call at Port Gentil, Gabon as part of her ongoing deployment in the Gulf of Guinea for anti-piracy patrol. This marks the first visit by any Indian Naval Ship to Gabon. Click here to read…

5thAnnual Session of Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM).

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh has called upon the Indian defence industry to identify and manufacture state-of-the-art cost-effective products/technologies to realise Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of a ‘New India’ that not only caters to its own needs, but also fulfils international requirements. He was addressing the 5thAnnual Session of Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM) in New Delhi on September 27, 2022.The theme ‘India@75: Shaping for India@100’, with the aim to position India as one of the top countries in defence manufacturing. Click here to read…

Successful Flight Tests of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) Missile by DRDO.

DRDO conducted two successful test flight of Very Short Range Air Defence System (VSHORADS) missile from a ground based portable launcher at the Integrated Test Range, Chandipur. VSHORADS is a Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) designed and developed indigenously by DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian Industry Partners.
VSHORADS missile incorporates many novel technologies including miniaturized Reaction Control System (RCS) and integrated avionics, which have been successfully proven during the tests. The missile, meant for neutralizing low altitude aerial threats at short ranges is propelled by a dual thrust solid motor. The design of the missile including launcher has been highly optimized to ensure easy portability. Both the flight tests have completely met the mission objectives. Click here to read…

Multinational Maritime Exercise Kakadu 2022

A P8I Patrol Aircraft of the Indian Navy participated in the Multinational Maritime Exercise Kakadu 2022 hosted by Royal Australian Navy in Darwin from 12 to 25 Sep 22, along with INS Satpura. The exercise had the participation of 34 aircraft from over 20 nations. Click here to read…

Government appoints Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)

General Anil Chauhan, PVSM, UYSM, AVSM, SM, VSM assumed office as the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) on September 30, 2022. General Chauhan will also be the Principal Military Advisor to the Raksha Mantri on all Tri-Service matters as well as head Department of Military Affairs as Secretary. He will also be Permanent Chairman, Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC). Click here to read…

Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy visited Australia.

Admiral R Hari Kumar, the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), Indian Navy visited Australia from 26 Sep – 28 Sep 22. This was his first official visit to Australia upon assuming the office of the CNS. During the visit, he held meetings with Chief of Royal Australian Navy (RAN), Vice Chief of Australian Defence Forces, Secretary of Defence, Chief of Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and Deputy Chief of Joint Operations. The CNS interacted with the prominent members of Australian Think Tanks to understand and develop new maritime cooperation opportunities. The discussions also highlighted the need for raising the level of synergy and focused efforts for overcoming the challenges of the maritime environment. Click here to read…

Republic of Korea (ROK) Navy Cruise Training Task Group arrived in Chennai on a three-day visit.

Republic of Korea (ROK) Navy Cruise Training Task Group consisting of two naval ships, arrived in Chennai on a three-day visit on 28 Sep 22.Commander of Cruise Training Task Group and other officials of the consulate of Korea had discussions with the Flag Officer Commanding Tamil Nadu and Puducherry Naval Area on matters of common interest. Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM
Africa
Somalia
At least 27 al-Shabaab terrorists were killed in a US airstrike in the Hiran region of Somalia.

On 21 September 2022, at least 27 al-Shabaab terrorists were killed in a US-led airstrike in Somalia’s central Hiran region. According to the US Africa Command (AFRICOM), the airstrike was the sixth recorded strike in 2022. “The defensive strikes allowed the Somali National Army (SNA) and African Union Transition Mission in Somalia (AUTMIS) forces to regain the initiative and continue the operation to disrupt al-Shabab in the Hiran region of central Somalia,” said AFRICOM. Click here to read…

Burkina Faso
Islamist terrorists attacked an aid convoy in the northern province of Soum.

On 27 September 2022, Islamist terrorists attacked an aid convoy of 150 vehicles, military-escorted and killed 11 security personnel; more than 50 civilians went missing. The attack will likely aggravate shortages of basic supplies, such as food and fuel in Djibo, which has been under a de-facto siege for months by Islamist terror groups. In Burkina Faso, around two million people are displaced due to conflict and climate change. Click here to read…

Nigeria
Security forces killed 07 Boko Haram terrorists in a CT operation in Borno State.

On 21 September 2022, the Nigerian troops of “Operation Desert Sanity and Operation Hadin Kai” reportedly killed 07 Boko Haram terrorists in a counter-terrorism operation in Kayamla village near Maiduguri in Borno State. Boko Haram terrorists usually come to areas to terrorise farmers and kidnap them for ransom money. Click here to read…

Afghanistan
The US raised terrorism concerns in Afghanistan and is ready to engage “pragmatically” with the Taliban.

On 28 September 2022, speaking at the Centre for International and Strategic Studies (CISS), Thomas West— the US special representative for Afghanistan, said that al-Qa’ida’s former leader— Ayman al-Zawahiri had the freedom to operate in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan before we eliminated him. However, we have concerns about al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), Ansarullah, and other terrorist groups that still have an active presence/connection in Afghanistan.

Over the matter, “we have been in contact with the Taliban leadership since the strike which eliminated al-Zawahiri, even in the wake of this event, we [US] are prepared to engage pragmatically with the Taliban regarding terrorism concerns,” said West. Click here to read…

Three people were killed and many injured in an explosion in Kabul.

On 21 September 2022, at least three people were killed, and 13 others were wounded in an explosion in Kabul city. According to the Taliban-appointed spokesperson for the Kabul police chief— Khalid Zadran, the explosion occurred in a restaurant in Kabul’s western Dehmazang neighbourhood. At the time, police were uncertain if the blast was an accident or a terror attack. However, Islamic State (IS)’s affiliated branch— Islamic State Khurasan Province (IS-KP), has increased attacks on mosques and minorities across the country since the Taliban seized political power in August 2021. Click here to read…

At least 07 people were killed in a blast near Mosque in Kabul.

On 23 September 2022, at least 07 people were killed, and 41 were injured in an explosion outside a Mosque in the Wazir Akbar Khan neighbourhood after Friday afternoon prayers in Kabul. “The bomb was planted in a vehicle parked in front of the mosque, and an investigation was underway to bring the perpetrators to justice,” said the Taliban-appointed spokesperson of Kabul Police chief— Khalid Zadran.

The bombing was the most recent in a string of deadly attacks that have targeted places of worship in Afghanistan and well-known clerics linked to the country’s ruling Islamist Taliban. The Islamic State’s affiliate group— Islamic State Khurasan Province (IS-KP), has claimed responsibility for several attacks. Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM
Jammu and Kashmir
Security forces eliminated three JeM terrorists in Kulgam

On 26-27 September 2022, security forces killed three Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorists, including a Pakistani national, in two separate counter-terrorism (CT) operations in Kulgam district of the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

In the first incident, during the search operation in the Ahwatoo area, terrorists fired upon the security forces, which led to the exchange of fire. Two local JeM terrorists— Mohammad ShafiGanie and Mohammad Asif Wani, were eliminated. On 26 September 2022, a search operation in Batpora village of Kulgam district led to an exchange of fire and the elimination of a Pakistani JeM terrorist— Abu Hurarah. Security forces recovered incriminating materials, arms and ammunitions, including an AK-56, two AK-47s, a pistol, a grenade, four magazines, and a pistol magazine, from operation sites. Click here to read…

SIA filed a chargesheet against three accused, including a former minister, in a terror-funding case.

On 24 September 2022, the State Investigation Agency (SIA) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) police filed a chargesheet against three accused, including a former minister— Jatinder Singh, in a terror-funding case. “SIA Kashmir continued its action against narcotics dealers by conducting searches at multiple locations across the valley. The SIA conducted extensive searches at different locations in the districts of Srinagar, Budgam and Kupwara,” said a J&K police spokesperson.

In a statement released by the SIA, it was revealed that “Jatinder Singh was in touch with Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM) terrorists and separatists of Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), which is an unlawful and proscribed association. These inimical entities had sent this terror fund from Pakistan through their associates for Jatinder Singh’s political party. The vision of Jatinder’s political party was to make J&K, Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK) and Gilgit Baltistan as one independent country by making a condominium of Pakistan and India, for having joint control over currency, external affairs and finance.” Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
Security forces arrested a ‘most-wanted’ Maoist from Maharashtra.

In a joint operation, on 23 September 2022, Bihar Police, Jharkhand Police and Central Security forces arrested a top Maoist leader— Vinay Yadav aka Guruji, carrying a reward of ₹ 18 lakh and wanted in more than 54 cases, including an ambush in Gaya in 2006 on a CRPF convoy. Security forces arrested Vinay from the house of another Maoist sympathiser— AmrendraPaswan, at Mayapur village under Daudnagar police station limits of Aurangabad district, Maharashtra. Upon arrest, the security forces recovered ₹ 20 lakh hidden by Vinay in a hideout in Chakarbandha forests in the same district. Click here to read…

Around 700 Maoist supporters surrendered before Odisha police and BSF.

On 17 September 2022, around 700 active Maoist supporters from various villages on the Andhra Pradesh-Odisha border surrendered before police and BSF (Border Security Force) personnel in the Malkangiri district in Odisha. These Maoist supporters were involved in assisting violent activities and killing of security forces personnel and civilians and also used to provide logistics to the Maoists.

According to the police, the surrendered militants and sympathisers from Odisha and neighbouring Andhra Pradesh demonstrated their opposition to Maoist ideology by burning Maoist effigies and clothing and shouting slogans— “Maobadi Murdabad Ama Sarkar Zindabad” in front of the media before surrendering. Click here to read…
For more information:

Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
NIA searched several locations across India and arrested PFI leaders and members in connection with the registered case.

On 22 September 2022, in a joint operation with the Economic Directorate (ED) and the State police forces, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) searched 93 locations in 15 States across India, including Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh (UP), Rajasthan, Delhi, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, West Bengal, Bihar, and Manipur. The searches were conducted on premises and offices of PFI (Popular Front of India) leaders and members in connection with five cases registered by the NIA.

The case— RC-03/2022/NIA/HYD pertains to the involvement of PFI leaders and other members in funding terrorist activities, organising training camps, providing arms training and radicalising people to join terrorist groups/organisations. The joint teams recovered incriminating materials, cash, sharp-edged weapons, and several digital devices during the search. The NIA made 45 arrests in the case, whereas 19 were arrested from Kerala, 11 from Tamil Nadu, 07 from Karnataka, 04 from Andhra Pradesh, 02 from Rajasthan, and 01 each from UP and Telangana. As of 22 September 2022, the NIA is investigating 19 cases related to PFI’s illicit activities.

Earlier on 18 September 2022, the NIA searched 38 locations in Telangana and 02 locations in Andhra Pradesh in connection with the same case. During the search, the NIA seized incriminating materials, digital devices, documents, two daggers, and cash worth ₹ 8,31,500 (Eight lakh thirty one thousand and five hundred Indian rupees). Click here to read…
For more information:

“PFI members have connections with SIMI and Indian Mujahideen”, claimed NIA.

According to the National Investigation Agency (NIA), several PFI (Popular Front of India) members are associated with proscribed organisations, such as the Students’ Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) and Indian Mujahideen (IM). The PFI leader— Abdul Rehman, used to be the National Secretary of SIMI and Abdul Sattar— the State Secretary at the PFI, used to be associated with SIMI in the same capacity.

According to news reports citing undisclosed sources, PFI member— Mohammed Sakib allegedly transferred money to the PFI through hawala channels from Pakistan and was in contact with Pakistan-based handlers who wanted to reach out to Pakistani prisoners lodged in different jails. Around 46 PFI members were arrested and convicted in different cases in 2010-2011. Around 355 PFI members have already been chargesheet by the NIA. Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
NIA filed suppl. chargesheet in a “conspiracy of targeted killing by KTF” case.

On 23 September 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a supplementary chargesheet against a Khalistan Tiger Force (KTF) operative— Gagandeep Singh, aka Gaggu, in a case related to the conspiracy to kill a Hindu priest— Kamaldeep Sharma at village Bharsinghpur, Phillaur, Jalandhar, Punjab. On 04 July 2022, four other accused were chargesheet in the same case.

According to the investigations, another KTF operative Arshdeep Singh aka Arsh and Hardeep Singh Nijjar, both located in Canada, planned the entire conspiracy to sabotage peace and undermine religious harmony. The terrorist group’s members carried out the targeted attack using weapons that Gagandeep Singh had provided on directions of Arshdeep Singh. Click here to read…

India raised concerns over the ‘Khalistan Referendum’ and pressed Canada for action against the same.

On 22 September 2022, India’s Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) raised concerns about ‘Khalistan’-inspired activities in Canada and found it “deeply objectionable” as a politically-motivated exercise by extremist elements in a friendly nation. The MEA’s response resulted from “little action” taken by Ontario on three diplomatic messages from the Government of India to stop the so-called ‘Khalistan Referendum’ in Canada’s Brampton on 19 September 2022, asking whether Indian Punjab should not be an independent country. The Canadian authorities reportedly said that “its citizens had the right to assemble and express their views peacefully and lawfully.” “Nevertheless, the Government of India will continue to press the Government of Canada for action in this matter,” said MEA Spokesperson Arindam Bagchi. Click here to read…

Narcotics Trafficking
NIA arrested 26th accused in Heroin seizure case at Mundra Port.

On 27 September 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) arrested the 26th accused— Sushanta Sarkar, in a Heroin seizure case at Mundra Port, Gujarat. Sarkar was involved in illicit international trade and trafficking of heroin into India for supporting terrorist activities. Reportedly, Sarkar had ordered heroin concealed in semi-processed talc from Afghanistan to India via Iran in November 2021. He used his “Jesus Christ Impex” firm to do such illicit operations. He further transferred the consignment to another firm belonging to KabirTalwar in New Delhi.

The case— RC-26/2021/NIA/DLI pertains to the international drug trafficking network run by two brothers— Hassan Daad and Hussain Daad (both Afghan nationals). Both brothers delivered multiple heroin-laced consignments to India in containers via the maritime route. In Afghanistan, heroin was purified and concealed in materials such as semi-processed talc and bituminous coal. These shipments were then trucked from the Indian ports of Gujarat and Kolkata to New Delhi. Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 1-15 August 2022

DEFENCE

  • RIMPAC – 2022.
  • DRDO successfully test fires indigenously developed laser-guided ATGMs.
  • Tejas Fighter Aircraft.
  • Army Design Bureau has signed a MoU with the Drone Federation of India.
  • 13th Edition of the Indo-US Joint Special Forces exercise “Ex Vajra Prahar 2022”.
  • 12th Def Expo to be held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
  • Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) flew three indigenous platforms, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA), Tejas, Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) and Hindustan Turbo Trainer-40 (HTT-40).
  • Repair of a US Navy Ship in India.
  • 4th India-Bangladesh Annual Defence Dialogue.
  • Indian Air Force to participate in bilateral exercise hosted by Malaysia.
  • Indo Oman Joint Military Exercise Al Najaf IV concluded.
  • Bengaluru-based start-up innovates communication through Quantum Key Distribution Systems.
  • India gifts Dornier aircraft to strengthen maritime security of Sri Lanka.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Nigeria
  • Around 1,755 Boko Haram terrorists surrendered during the Operation HADIN KAI at various locations.
Niger
  • Several Boko Haram terrorists were killed in an airstrike in Shiroro LGA.
Afghanistan
  • Islamic State carried out an attack in Kabul and killed a prominent Taliban cleric.
  • “Al-Qa’ida has not reconstituted its presence in Afghanistan,” claimed new US intelligence assessment.
  • Islamic State claimed responsibility for a bomb attack in Kabul.

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
  • NIA officials searched various locations in Doda and Jammu districts in “JeI-J&K Terror Financing” case.
  • Security forces killed a key LeT terrorist in Budgam.
  • JKGF carried out a grenade attack in Ramban.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • Maoist woman leader surrendered in Andhra Pradesh.
Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
  • NIA officials arrested 10th accused in “Amravati killing case”.
  • Police demolished an illegal madrassa linked with al-Qa’ida in Assam.
  • NIA arrested two JMB operatives from Madhya Pradesh in connection with “JMB Bhopal case”.
  • NIA officials arrested 09th accused in “Udaipur killing case”.
  • NIA officials searched and arrested an IS operative from Delhi.
  • UP ATS arrested an IS operative from Azamgarh.
  • NIA filed a supplementary chargesheet against an al-Qa’ida operative in “al-Qa’ida Lucknow case”.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • SFJ threatened to replace Tiranga with ‘Khalistan’ flag at Attari border in Amritsar, Punjab.
  • Canada-based drug cartels are trying to revive Khalistan movement in India.
  • SFJ announced to hold ‘Canadian phase’ of Khalistan Referendum in September 2022.

DEFENCE

RIMPAC – 2022.

INS Satpura entered Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, USA on 02 Aug 22 on completion of the sea phase of RIMPAC-22, a multilateral exercise conducted over 22 days off Hawaii, USA. RIMPAC-22 is one of the largest multilateral naval exercises in which the Indian Navy participates and the exercise this year has witnessed participation from 26 countries comprising 38 surface ships, 09 land forces, 31 unmanned systems, 170 aircraft and over 2,500 personnel.
For more information: Click here to read…

DRDO successfully test fires indigenously developed laser-guided ATGMs.

Indigenously developed Laser-Guided Anti-Tank Guided Missiles (ATGM) were successfully test-fired from Main Battle Tank (MBT) Arjun by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Army.
Fore more information: Click here to read…

Tejas Fighter Aircraft.

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a Defence PSU under the Ministry of Defence responded to a Request for Information (RFI) received from Royal Malaysian Air Force (RMAF), Malaysia in February, 2019 for LCA class aircraft. Subsequently, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited responded in October, 2021 to Request for Proposal (RFP) issued against tender released by Royal Malaysian Air Force, Malaysia for 18 nos of Fighter Lead In Trainer – Light Combat Aircraft (FLIT – LCA) and HAL offered LCA Tejas twin seater variant. Other countries which have evinced interest in LCA aircraft are: Argentina, Australia, Egypt, USA, Indonesia, and Philippines.
For more information: Click here to read…

Army Design Bureau has signed a MoU with the Drone Federation of India.

The Army Design Bureau on behalf of the Indian Army has signed a MoU with the Drone Federation of India to collaboratively work towards promoting research, development, testing and manufacturing of drones, counter-drone and associated technologies that can assist the Indian Army in its operations.
For more information: Click here to read…

13th Edition of the Indo-US Joint Special Forces exercise “Ex Vajra Prahar 2022”.

The 13th Edition of the Indo-US Joint Special Forces exercise “Ex Vajra Prahar 2022” commenced at the Special Forces Training School (SFTS), Bakloh (HP) today. The US contingent is represented by personnel from the 1st Special Forces Group (SFG) and Special Tactics Squadron (STS) of US Special Forces and the Indian Army contingent is formed by drawing Special Forces personnel under the aegis of SFTS. This annual exercise is hosted alternatively between India and the United States. The 12th edition was conducted at Joint Base Lewis Mcchord, Washington (USA) in October 2021.

During the course of next 21 days, teams of both armies would jointly train, plan and execute a series of Special Operations, Counter Terrorist Operations, Air Borne operations in simulated conventional and unconventional scenarios in mountainous terrain.
For more information: Click here to read…

12th Def Expo to be held in Gandhinagar, Gujrat.

The 12th edition of DefExpo – India’s flagship exhibition on Land, Naval and Homeland Security systems – will be held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat from October 18-22, 2022. The five-day event will witness three business days followed by two public days. It was postponed in March 2022 due to logistical problems being faced by the participants.
For more information: Click here to read…

Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) flew three indigenous platforms, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)Tejas, Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) and Hindustan Turbo Trainer-40 (HTT-40).

Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari, Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) was on a two day visit to Bangalore. He flew three indigenous platforms, Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)Tejas, Light Combat Helicopter (LCH) and Hindustan Turbo Trainer-40 (HTT-40), which are being inducted into IAF as part of its drive towards Atmanirbharta.
For more information: Click here to read…

Repair of a US Navy Ship in India.

US Navy Ship (USNS) Charles Drew arrived at L&T’s Shipyard at Kattupalli, Chennai on August 07, 2022 for undertaking repairs and allied services. This is the first ever repair of a US Navy ship in India. The US Navy had awarded a contract to L&T’s Shipyard at Kattupalli for undertaking maintenance of the ship. The USNS Charles Drew will be at Kattupalli shipyard for a period of 11 days and undergo repairs in various areas.
For more information: Click here to read…

4th India-Bangladesh Annual Defence Dialogue.

The 4th India-Bangladesh Annual Defence Dialogue, co-chaired by Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar and Principal Staff Officer of Armed Forces Division of Bangladesh Lt Gen Waker-Uz-Zaman, was held in New Delhi on August 11, 2022. During their interaction, they reviewed ongoing defence cooperation between the two countries and expressed satisfaction that collaboration is growing despite difficulties imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Both sides emphasised the need to work closely to implement the USD 500 million line of credit extended from India for defence items.
For more information: Click here to read…

Indian Air Force to participate in bilateral exercise hosted by Malaysia

A contingent of the Indian Air Force left for Malaysia today to participate in a bilateral exercise named ‘Udarashakti’. Indian Air Force is participating in the air exercise with Su-30 MKI and C-17 aircraft while the RMAF will be flying Su 30 MKM aircraft. The Indian contingent departed from one of its air bases directly for their destination, the RMAF base of Kuantan. The exercise will give an opportunity to IAF contingent members to share and learn best practices with some of the best professionals from RMAF, while also discussing mutual combat capabilities. The four days of exercise will witness conduct of various aerial combat drills between the two Air Forces. The aim of the exercise was to achieve inter-operability and to acquaint each other with operational procedures and combat drills in a Counter Terrorism environment under United Nations mandate.
For more information: Click here to read…

Indo Oman Joint Military Exercise Al Najaf IV concluded.
The Indo Oman Joint Military Exercise Al Najaf IV concluded at Mahajan Field Firing Ranges today. A solemn Closing Ceremony marked the culmination of the exercise. This platoon level 13 days exercise had commenced on 01 August 2022.
For more information: Click here to read…

Bengaluru-based start-up innovates communication through Quantum Key Distribution Systems.

QNu Labs, a Bengaluru-based Deep Tech Start-up, has broken distance barriers by innovating advanced secured communication through Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) systems. The project was curated by iDEX-DIO with Indian Army. After the successful trials, now the Indian Army has initiated the process of procurement of QKD systems developed by QNu Labs by issuing commercial Request For Proposal (RFP) and its deployment.

Quantum technology has a huge potential for military application and a disruptive impact on modern-day warfare. A QKD system allows creation of a quantum secure secret pair of symmetric keys between two end points, separated by certain distance (in this case, over 150 Kms) in terrestrial optical fiber infrastructure.
For more information: Click here to read…

India gifts Dornier aircraft to strengthen maritime security of Sri Lanka.

India gifted a Dornier Maritime Reconnaissance aircraft on 15 August 2022 towards strengthening the maritime security of Sri Lanka at a special event held in Sri Lanka Air Force Base, Katunayake. Navy and Air Force personnel of Sri Lanka who received training in India for close to four months shall operate the aircraft. They will also receive operational support from their Indian counterparts.
For more information: Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Nigeria
Around 1,755 Boko Haram terrorists surrendered during the Operation HADIN KAI at various locations.

During a week of the Operation HADIN KAI at various locations in Nigeria, around 1,755 Boko Haram terrorists and their families, comprising of 280 male, 523 females, and 925 Children, surrendered before the Nigerian troops, and handed over to relevant authorities. According to the out-going Defence Media Operations spokesman— Maj Gen Bernard Onyenko, “troops ambushed the hideouts of Boko Haram/Islamic State of West Africa Province (ISWAP) terrorists along Road Uzoro-Gadamayo in Adamawa State.”

Likewise, airstrikes were carried out on 03 August 2022 as a part of Operation HADIN KAI at Degbawa near Mandara Mountains in Gwoza Local Government Area of Borno State. During the airstrike, a key ISWAP commander— Alhaji Modu aka Bem Bem and his associates were eliminated. “Within a week of the same operation, Nigerian troops eliminated 29 terrorists, arrested 55 terrorists, and rescued 52 civilians. Also, troops recovered 128 rounds of 7.62 mm ammunitions, 05 bicycles, 12 AK-47 rifles, 04 motorbikes, and 05 mobile phones,” confirmed Maj Gen Onyenko.
For more information: Click here to read…

Niger
Several Boko Haram terrorists were killed in an airstrike in Shiroro LGA.

On 14 August 2022, the Niger’s Federal Government posted on official Twitter handle that the Nigerian Air Force (NAF) carried out an airstrike and have eliminated several Boko Haram terrorists, while attending a meeting called by a key commander— Aminu Duniya, in Kurebe in Shiroro Local Government Area (LGA), Niger. The operation was conducted by ground and air force of the Nigerian armed forces.

“While @HQNigerianArmy troops laid siege around the location, @NigAirForce aircraft were directed to the suspected location of the terrorists. Several terrorists were confirmed killed after the strike, though it remains unclear if Aminu Duniya was also neutralized.”— Government of Nigeria (@NigeriaGov).
For more information: Click here to read…

Afghanistan
Islamic State carried out an attack in Kabul and killed a prominent Taliban cleric.

On 11 August 2022, the Islamic State (IS) carried out an attack and killed a prominent Taliban cleric— Rahimullah Haqqani, at his religious centre in Kabul, Afghanistan. According to the Taliban officials, the attack was carried out with explosives hidden in a plastic artificial leg. There have been several attacks on Taliban leaders and often target religious & ethnic minorities, since the Taliban came into power forcefully in Afghanistan.
For more information: Click here to read…

“Al-Qa’ida has not reconstituted its presence in Afghanistan,” claimed new US intelligence assessment.

According to the recent US intelligence assessment, the consensus view of the intelligence community is that “while fewer than a dozen al-Qa’ida core members remain in Afghanistan, Zawahiri was the only key figure who had tried to re-establish himself in the country after US forces departed.” According to the assessment, any surviving al-Qa’ida militants are not conspiring on an external attack, and the organisation as a whole “does not have capabilities to launch strikes against the United States (US) or its interests abroad from Afghanistan.”

“US will continue to remain vigilant, along with our partners, to defend our nation and ensure that Afghanistan never again becomes a safe haven for terrorism,” said US National Security Council spokesperson Adrienne Watson.
For more information: Click here to read…

Islamic State claimed responsibility for a bomb attack in Kabul.

On 05 August 2022, Islamic State (IS) terror organisation carried out a bomb blast in which at least eight people were killed and 18 wounded, in a Shi’ite residential area in Kabul in Afghanistan. According to a senior Taliban security official, “explosives were placed in a vegetable cart. There is a possibility of rise in death toll because many of the wounded people had critical wounds.”
For more information: Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
NIA officials searched various locations in Doda and Jammu districts in “JeI-J&K Terror Financing” case.

On 08 August 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials searched premises of six suspects in Doda district and one suspect’s house in Jammu district of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), in the case related to Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI)-J&K terror funding case.

The case— RC-03/2021/NIA/DLI related to the financing activities of the JeI-J&K, which even after its declaration as the Unlawful Association in 2019, continues to raise funds in various forms under the shadow of charitable purposes. However, these funds were diverted to terrorist organisations, such as Hizb ul-Mujahideen (HM), Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), and others for carrying out terrorist activities in Kashmir valley and rest of India. During the search, the NIA personnel recovered incriminating material, receipt of funds raised by the JeI-J&K, bank and property related documents, and electronic devices.
For more information: Click here to read…

Security forces killed a key LeT terrorist in Budgam.
Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)’s terrorist— Lateef Ahmad Rather was involved in killings of several civilians, including Rahul Bhat— a clerk and TV actor— Amreen Bhat in May 2022. On 10 August 2022, security forces killed Lateef Ahmad Rather in exchange of fire in Waterhail area of Budgam district in the Union Territory (UT) of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

In 2000, Rather joined terrorism and was involved in random terrorist incidents in the Valley. Since March 2022, Rather was directly involved in six terrorist attacks in the various areas of Kashmir.
For more information: Click here to read…

JKGF carried out a grenade attack in Ramban.
On 02 August 2022, terrorists of Jammu-Kashmir Ghaznavi Force (JKGF), an off-shoot of terror group— Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) carried out a grenade attack on the police post in Gool area of Ramban district in the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). However, the attack was thwarted by the Sentry deployed at the post as he noticed suspicious movement around the post and fired some rounds of ammunition at terrorists. Police found a letter in which JKGF claimed the responsibility of the attack.

To evade international scrutiny and carry-on terrorist activities, post-Pulwama attack in 2019, JeM formed the JKGF terror group. The JKGF comprises of operatives from other terrorist groups, including Hizb ul-Mujahideen (HM), al-Badr, Ansar Ghazwat ul-Hind (AGuH), Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT). “A grenade blast has occurred near the premises of police post which falls in the jurisdiction of police station gool. A letter has also been found claiming it to be done by JKGF. The Special Operations Group (SOG) and Army teams have been mobilised for cordon and search. The case has been registered and investigation in progress,” said Mukesh Singh, ADG Jammu.
For more information: https://www.republicworld.com/india-news/general-news/grenade-attack-on-police-post-in-ramban-ghaznavi-force-claims-responsibility-articleshow.html” target=”_blank”>Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
Maoist woman leader surrendered in Andhra Pradesh.

On 06 August 2022, a Maoist woman leader— Podiam Jogamma aka Ritika surrendered before the police in Andhra Pradesh. According to police records, Jogamma was involved in the gun-battle with Chhattisgarh police in 2021 in which 22 police personnel attained Veergati and three Maoists were killed.
For more information: Click here to read…

Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
NIA officials arrested 10th accused in “Amravati killing case”.

On 11 August 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials arrested Shaikh Shakeel, a 28 years-old, for his alleged involvement in the conspiracy of the murder of Umesh Pralhadrao Kolhe in Amravati, Maharashtra. Earlier, nine accused had already been arrested in the same case on 23 June, 24 June, 25 June, 02 July, and 02 August.
Umesh Pralhadrao Kolhe, a chemist by profession, was killed on 21 June 2022 in Amravati (Maharashtra), a week before the murder of Kanhaiya Lal in Udaipur, Rajasthan.
For more information: Click here to read…

Police demolished an illegal madrassa linked with al-Qa’ida-affiliate group in Assam.

On 04 August 2022, Assam police demolished an illegal madrassa managed by alleged ‘funding-handler’ of al-Qa’ida affiliate group— Ansar ul-Islam (AuI) at Moriabari in Morigaon district in Assam. On 27 July 2022, Mufti Mustafa, an operative of al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) and the man behind madrassa, was arrested.

So far, total 28 AQIS operatives have been arrested in Assam, including a Bangladeshi national. Assam has already shutdown about 600 State-run madrassas and turned them into regular schools. However, about 1,000 madrassas are still active and operational. The demolition of Moriabari madrassa was in accordance with the Disaster Management Act and the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A].
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA arrested two JMB operatives from Madhya Pradesh in connection with “JMB Bhopal case”.

On 07 August 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials arrested two Jamaat ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) operatives— i) Hamidullah aka Raju Gaji, and ii) Mohammad Sahadat Hussain aka Abidullah, from the Police Station— Eint Khedi in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

The case— RC-11/2022/NIA/DLI is related to the arrest of six JMB operatives, including three illegal Bangladeshi immigrants from Aishbagh in Bhopal. The arrested operatives were involved in propagating JMB ideology and luring the youth to carryout jihad against India. The arrested duo— Hamidullah and Sahadat were close associates of earlier arrested JMB operatives and were communicating with their associates in India and Bangladesh via encrypted application.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA officials arrested 09th accused in “Udaipur killing case”.

On 10 August 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials arrested Muslim Khan aka Muslim Raza, for his alleged involvement in killing of Kanhaiya Lal Teli, a tailor by profession, in Udaipur, Rajasthan. Muslim Khan is a 09th accused in the same case.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA officials searched and arrested an IS “fund raiser” from Delhi.

On 06 August 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials carried out a search operation and arrested an Islamic State (IS) operative— Mohsin Ahmad, from Batla House, New Delhi, for his alleged involvement in collection of funds for IS from sympathisers in India as well as abroad.
The case— RC-26/2022/NIA/DLI was registered suo-moto by NIA on 25 June 2022. Allegedly, Mohsin was transferring the funds to Syria and other places in form of cryptocurrency in order to further the activities of IS.
For more information: Click here to read… `

UP ATS arrested an IS operative from Azamgarh.

The Uttar Pradesh (UP) Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS), on 09 August 2022, foiled a conspiracy to target Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) members and arrested an Islamic State (IS) operative— Sabahudeen Azmi from Azamgarh, UP. The ATS team recovered an illegal firearm and raw materials which are useful in preparing a “pipe bomb”. The preliminary investigation revealed that Sabahudeen was in contact with two other IS recruiters— i) Abu Umar, and ii) Abu Bakar al-Shami.
According to the ATS officials, on the basis of anonymity, Sabahudeen was radicalising more people to join IS through social media platforms and also created a Telegram channel ‘Al-Saqr Media’ to brainwash Indian Muslim youth.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA filed a supplementary chargesheet against an al-Qa’ida operative in “al-Qa’ida Lucknow case”.

On 03 August 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a supplementary chargesheet before the NIA Special Court, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, against an al-Qa’ida operative— Umar Halmandi, based on Afghanistan-Pakistan border was radicalising and recruiting youth for the al-Qa’ida in Indian Subcontinent (AQIS). Umar was accused of raising an al-Qa’ida module and a chapter of Ansar Ghazwat ul-Hind (AGuH) in Lucknow to carryout terrorist activities.
For more information: Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
SFJ threatened to replace Tiranga with ‘Khalistan’ flag at Attari border in Amritsar, Punjab.

Against Indian government’s campaign of Har Ghar Tiranga (Tiranga in every house), the proscribed unlawful organisation— Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) issued a statement in which its chief Gurpatwant Singh Pannu said that his organisation will start the Ghar Ghar Khalistan (Khalistan in every house) campaign and had threatened to replace India’s tallest national flag at the International Border of India-Pakistan at Attari, Amritsar, with the so-called Khalistan flag on 15 August 2022.

In one of the videos circulated on social media, a veiled woman, who identified herself as a ‘Kashmiri Mujahid’, vows support for the Khalistan and called for the removal of Tiranga at the Attari border.
For more information: https://newindian.in/sfj-threatens-to-replace-indias-tallest-tiranga-with-khalistan-flag/” target=”_blank”>Click here to read…

Canada-based drug cartels are trying to revive Khalistan movement in India.

Indian security agencies are suspecting the revival of Khalistan movement in India, which is being handled from Canada and Pakistan by involving the narco-terror network run by India-Canadian gangsters who operate out of Canada. The agencies had been tracking links between the late Punjabi singer Sidhu Moosewala with the India-Canadian criminal network, which has penetrated and entrenched deeply within the Canadian law enforcement, including its intelligence agencies.

According to Indian intelligence officials, pro-Khalistan sentiments are now wielding influence inside Canadian government offices due to the electoral power that some members of their group have in that country.
For more information: Click here to read…

SFJ announced to hold ‘Canadian phase’ of Khalistan Referendum in September 2022.

The banned unlawful organisation— Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) announced to hold ‘Canadian phase’ of Khalistan Referendum on 18 September 2022 in Toronto, Canada. In Referendum, the Canadian-Sikhs will vote on the question— “Should India governed Punjab be an independent country?”. The SFJ named the voting centre in Toronto after “Shaheed Harjinder Singh Pahra”, a young pro-Khalistan Sikh who went back to India from Canada to participate in violent movement against Indian Army’s counter-insurgency operation at the Golden Temple in Amritsar in 1984.

“The referendum will be held in various phases during which the voting will take place across Canada, including cities of Ottawa, Montreal, Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver, and Surrey,” said the SFJ in a statement.
For more information: Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 May 2022

DEFENCE

  • Launch of two indigenous frontline warships.
  • Successful maiden flight-test of indigenously-developed Naval Anti-Ship Missile.
  • Indigenisation of defence items with the Industry in full swing.
  • Indian Navy-Bangladesh Navy Coordinated Patrol.
  • Prime Minister’s participation in the Quad Leaders’ Summit.
  • Prime Minister’s meeting with President of the United States of America.
  • Prime Minister’s meeting with Australian Prime Minister on the sidelines of the Quad Leaders’ Summit.
  • Prime Minister’s meeting with Prime Minister of Japan.
  • 11th meeting of India-UAE Joint Defence Cooperation Committee (JDCC).
  • Raksha Mantri inaugurated the three-day 39th Commanders’ Conference of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).
  • MoD signs over Rs 2,900 crore contract with BDL for procurement of ASTRA Mk I Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile System.
  • 24th Meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs.

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

West Asia
  • US sanctioned Iran’s IRGC and Hizbu’llah’s oil smuggling network.
  • “Al-Aqsa violation ‘will blow apart region’”: Hizbu’llah’s chief Nasrallah
  • US Department of State removed five organisations from terrorist blacklist.
Africa
Nigeria
  • Boko Haram terrorists killed at least 50 people in an attack in Borno State.
Afghanistan
  • “Afghan govt acting as mediator between Pakistan and TTP”: Taliban spokesman Mujahid.
  • “India should not retain ties with former Afghanistan rulers”: Taliban spokesperson Suhail Shaheen.

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
  • NIA Special Court (New Delhi) pronounced sentence in ‘Hurriyat Terror Funding’ case.
  • Security forces eliminated three JeM terrorists in Baramulla.
  • Security forces cracked a module and arrested eight JeM OGWs from Pulwama.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • Maoist couple surrendered in Chhattisgarh.
Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
  • NIA filed chargesheet against an accused in ‘Ansarullah’ case.
  • Sufi Islamic Board claimed ‘PFI part of al-Qa’ida’ and reiterated demand to ban the PFI.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • “Pro-Khalistan group member involved in the ‘bomb near Chandigarh Model jail’ incident”: Police
  • “Pakistan’s ISI instructed Khalistani OGWs to target railway tracks in Punjab and other States”: Indian intelligence agencies.
Fake Indian Currency Note (FICN) cases
  • NIA Special Court (Kolkata) convicted and sentenced three FICN traffickers in ‘FICN seizure in Farakka’ case.

DEFENCE

Launch of two indigenous frontline warships.

Raksha Mantri (RM) launched two frontline warships of the Indian Navy – ‘Surat’ and ‘Udaygiri’ – at Mazagon Docks Limited (MDL), Mumbai on May 17, 2022. ‘Surat’ is the fourth Guided Missile Destroyer of P15B class, while ‘Udaygiri’ is the second Stealth Frigate of P17A class. Both warships have been designed in-house by the Directorate of Naval Design (DND) and built at MDL, Mumbai.
For more information: Click here to read…

Successful maiden flight-test of indigenously-developed Naval Anti-Ship Missile.

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Navy successfully conducted maiden flight-test of indigenously-developed Naval Anti-Ship Missile launched from a Naval Helicopter.
For more information: Click here to read…

Indigenisation of defence items with the Industry in full swing.

Ministry of Defence has intensified the drive for indigenisation of defence items by its DPSUs andthe progress is being reviewed on weekly basis by Defence Secretary.A comprehensive user-friendly ‘Dashboard’ on its SRIJAN Portal has been developed to monitor the status of progress of indigenisation. This dashboard enables real-time end-to-end updates of various activities being taken up by the respective DPSUs during the process of indigenisation. It may be mentioned that DDP had notified two Positive Indigenisation Lists in December 2021 and March 2022 in respect of DPSUs. The first list contains 2,851 items, out of which 2,500 items are already indigenised and 351 items are being indigenized.The second report notified 107 major Line Replacement Units/Sub-systems for indigenisation. Out of 107 items, DPSUs have already issued Expression of Interest (EoIs) for 98 items and the action is on for issuing EoIs for remaining nine items. Out of the 98 EoIs, 28 cases have already progressed in next stages and 70 EoIs are in active stage.
Reference: Click here to read…

Indian Navy-Bangladesh Navy Coordinated Patrol.

The fourth edition of the Indian Navy-Bangladesh Navy Coordinated Patrol (CORPAT) commenced in the Northern Bay of Bengal on 22 May 22. Indian Navy and Bangladesh Navy units will undertake joint patrolling along the International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) till 23 May 22.

In addition the third edition of Indian Navy (IN) – Bangladesh Navy (BN) Bilateral Exercise ‘Bongosagar’ commenced at Port Mongla, Bangladesh on 24 May 22. The Harbour Phase of exercise is scheduled from 24-25 May which will be followed by a Sea Phase in the Northern Bay of Bengal from 26-27 May.
For more information:
Click here to read… and
Click here to read…

Prime Minister’s participation in the Quad Leaders’ Summit.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi participated in the second in-person Quad Leaders’ Summit in Tokyo, Japan on 24 May 2022. This was the fourth interaction of the Leaders since their first virtual meeting in March 2021, the Summit in Washington D.C in September 2021 and their virtual interaction in March 2022. The Leaders reiterated their shared commitment to a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific and the importance of upholding theprinciples of sovereignty, territorial integrity and peaceful resolution of disputes. They exchanged perspectives on developments in the Indo-Pacific and the conflict in Europe. Prime Minister highlighted India’s consistent and principled position on the need for cessation of hostilities, resumption of dialogue and diplomacy. The Leaders also took stock of ongoing Quad collaboration and their vision for the future.

Key aspects of terrorism, Covid management, environment, Maritime domain awareness, ASEAN centrality, HADR, critical technology supply chains, and critical cyber security infrastructure of the region were also discussed. The Leaders agreed to continue their dialogue and consultations and look forward to the next Summit hosted by Australia in 2023.
For more information: Click here to read…

Prime Minister’s meeting with President of the United States of America.

The Indian Prime Minister had a warm and productive meeting with the President of the United States of America, on 24 May 2022, in Tokyo. The meeting resulted in substantive outcomes which will add depth and momentum to the bilateral partnership.

The two Leaders welcomed the signing of the Investment Incentive Agreement which enables the US Development Finance Corporation to continue providing investment support in India in sectors of shared priority such as healthcare, renewable energy, SMEs, infrastructure etc. Both sides launched an India-U.S. Initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET) to facilitate outcome-oriented cooperation. Co-led by the National Security Council Secretariat in India and the U.S. National Security Council, iCET would forge closer linkages between government, academia and industry of the two countries in areas such as AI, quantum computing, 5G/6G, biotech, space and semiconductors.Noting that defence and security cooperation is a crucial pillar of the India-US bilateral agenda, both sides discussed how they can further strengthen collaboration. In this context Prime Minister invited the US industry to partner with India to manufacture in India under the Make in India and Aatma Nirbhar Bharat or self-reliant India programmes which can be of mutual benefit to both countries.
For more information: Click here to read…

Prime Minister’s meeting with Australian Prime Minister on the sidelines of the Quad Leaders’ Summit.

The Indian Prime Minister held a bilateral meeting with Australian Prime Minister on 24 May 2022 on the sidelines of the Quad Leaders’ Summit in Tokyo, Japan.
Prime Minister congratulated Prime Minister Albanese for his election victory. Both leaders reviewed the multi-faceted cooperation under the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, including in trade & investment, defence manufacturing, renewable energy including green hydrogen, education, science and technology, agricultural research, sports and people-to-people ties.
Reference: Click here to read…

Prime Minister’s meeting with Prime Minister of Japan.

The Indian Prime Minister had a warm and productive meeting with the Japanese Prime Minister, on 24 May 2022. The two leaders agreed to further enhance bilateral security and defence cooperation, including in the area of defence manufacturing. They concurred that the next 2+2 Foreign and Defence Ministerial Meeting may be held in Japan at the earliest.
For more information: Click here to read…

11th meeting of India-UAE Joint Defence Cooperation Committee (JDCC).

Chief of the Force Development Authority at Ministry of Defence, United Arab Emirates Major General Staff Hassan Mohamed Sultan Bani Hammad called on Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar in New Delhi on May 25, 2022. They discussed ways to enhance defence cooperation between the two countries. The General also briefed the Defence Secretary about the 11th meeting of India-UAE Joint Defence Cooperation Committee (JDCC) held on May 24, 2022.
For more information: Click here to read…

Raksha Mantri inaugurated the three-day 39th Commanders’ Conference of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG).

RM inaugurated the three-day 39th Commanders’ Conference of the Indian Coast Guard (ICG). In his address to the gathering he said “Terrorism, drug trafficking and piracy are some non-traditional challenges in front of us today. The entire region is being affected by these challenges. Being a responsible maritime power, we have a clear interest to create a rule-based, peaceful and stable environment. Such a rule based environment is essential for both regional and global prosperity. In such a situation, the ICG has a big role to play.” He praised the ICG for playing an incomparable role in assisting the civil administration during natural calamities as well as towards achieving the goal of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’.
For more information: Click here to read…

MoD signs over Rs 2,900 crore contract with BDL for procurement of ASTRA Mk I Beyond Visual Range Air to Air Missile System.

Ministry of Defence, on May 31, 2022, signed a contract with Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) for supply of ASTRA MK-I Beyond Visual Range (BVR) Air to Air Missile (AAM) and associated equipment for the Indian Air Force & Indian Navy at a cost of Rs 2,971 crore under Buy (Indian-IDDM) category.The missile, for which successful trials have already been undertaken by the IAF, is fully integrated on the Su 30 MK-I fighter aircraft & will be integrated with other fighter aircraft in a phased manner, including the Light Combat Aircraft (Tejas). The Indian Navy will integrate the missile on the MiG 29K fighter aircraft.
For more information: Click here to read…

24th Meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs.

The 24th meeting of the Working Mechanism for Consultation & Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC) was held on 31 May 2022. The two sides exchanged views on the current situation along the LAC in the Western Sector in Eastern Ladakh. They agreed that as instructed by the two Foreign Ministers, both sides should continue the discussions through diplomatic and military channels to resolve the remaining issues along the LAC at the earliest so as to create conditions for restoration of normalcy in bilateral relations. In this context, they agreed to hold the next (16th) round of the Senior Commanders meeting at an early date to achieve the objective of complete disengagement from all friction points along the LAC in the Western Sector in accordance with the existing bilateral agreements and protocols.
For more information: Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

West Asia
US sanctioned Iran’s IRGC and Hizbu’llah’s oil smuggling network

On 25 May 2022, the United States’ Department of Treasury imposed new sanctions against a list of Iranian, Turkish, Russian, Chinese, Emirati, and Lebanese citizens and business entities for their alleged linkages with an oil smuggling network which further provide funding for Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGCs) and Hizbu’llah.
“The network was led by current and former Quds force members, along with senior officials from Russian government. The group also included backing of Chinese companies and a former Afghan diplomat’s involvement and had raised hundreds of millions of dollars for Iran’s Quds force and its Lebanese allies Hizbu’llah,” read the statement released by the US Department of Treasury.
For more information: Click here to read…

“Al-Aqsa violation ‘will blow apart region’”: Hizbu’llah’s chief Nasrallah

On 25May 2022, ahead of ‘Jerusalem Day Flag March’, Hizbu’llah chief Hassan Nasrallah issued a warning that if Israel ‘violates’ al-Aqsa mosque on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, it will result in an ‘explosion’ in the region.
The Flag March consist of thousands of ‘hard-line’ Israeli nationalists who march through Old City’s Muslim quarter to reach the Western Wall to mark the anniversary of the city’s unification in 1967. “I want to tell the enemy’s [Israel] government… and those concerned with the regional situation. Any violation of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock will blow apart the region. It will provoke all the Arab and Islamic people and every free person,” said Hizbu’llah’s Nasrallah.
For more information: Click here to read…

US Department of State removed five organisations from terrorist blacklist

On 20 May 2022, the United States (US) Department of State removed five extremist/terrorist organisations— i) Basque Separatist Group ETA (Spain), ii) AumShinrikyo (Japanese terror group), iii) Kahane Kach (Israeli radical group), and two Islamic terror groups that have been active in Israel, the Palestinian territory and Egypt, from its list of Foreign Terrorist Organisations (FTOs). All these groups are believed to be defunct.
In a notice published in the Federal Register, the US Department of State removed these groups after a mandatory five-year review of their designations. “These revocations do not seek to overlook or excuse the terrorist acts each of these groups previously engaged in or the harm the organisations caused its victims, but rather recognize the success Egypt, Israel, Japan, and Spain have had in defusing the threat of terrorism by these groups,” read the statement released by the Department of State.
For more information: Click here to read…

Africa
Nigeria
Boko Haram terrorists killed at least 50 people in an attack in Borno State

On 22 May 2022, Boko Haram terrorists carried out an attack in the town of Rann in Borno State in Nigeria, and killed at least 50 people. “We are all in pain over the killing of our innocent people who were working on their farmland. … We buried 50 people today in Rann. They were clearing their farmlands ahead of the rainy season, while others went for firewood,” said a local farmer— Harun Tom.
Since 2009, Boko Haram carrying out terror attacks in Nigeria’s North-East and Borno State. Millions have been displaced and around 350,000 people have died from attacks, according to the data from the United Nations (UN).
For more information: Click here to read…

Afghanistan
“Afghan govt acting as mediator between Pakistan and TTP”: Taliban spokesman Mujahid.

Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid confirmed that Taliban-led Afghan government is playing the role of a mediator in the ongoing talks between the Pakistan government and Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) terror group, which demanded the release of 30 key TTP commanders detained by Pakistan authorities.
The TTP delegates handed-over a list of 30 key TTP commanders to Pakistani authorities, to which they received positive response.
For more information: Click here to read…

“India should not retain ties with former Afghanistan rulers”: Taliban spokesperson Suhail Shaheen

In an interview with The Print, the Head of Taliban’s Political Office in Doha and spokesperson— Suhail Shaheen said that “India should establish ties— based on national and mutual interest with the Taliban government in Kabul and sever all links with the former Ashraf Ghani government.” Suhail added that India must think of having deeper ties with the ‘people of Afghanistan’ and must re-open its embassy in Kabul. Taliban was committed to provide complete security assurance to the Indian diplomats in Afghanistan.
“We [Taliban] have announced time and again that it is our commitment to provide security to all diplomats working in Kabul. It is our responsibility and we have proved that. There are many embassies working in Kabul and we have provided full security to them. That also includes India if they want to open their embassy,” said Suhail Shaheen.
For more information: Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
NIA Special Court (New Delhi) pronounced sentence in ‘Hurriyat Terror Funding’ case

On 25 May 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court, New Delhi, marked sentence convicting terrorists under various Sections of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA (P)A] and the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) terrorist— Yasin Malik was sentenced to life imprisonment and fine under Sections 120-B, 121, 121-A of the IPC, Sections 13 r/w 120-B of IPC, 15 r/w 120-B of the IPC, 17, 18, 20, 38, and 39 of the UA(P)A.

The case— RC-10/2017/NIA/DLI pertains to the conspiracy of Hafiz Saeed and members of Hurriyat Conference, who acted with terrorists of banned organisations, including Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM), Dukhtaran-e-Millat (DeM), Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), and other groups, to raise, receive funds domestically and internationally through illegal channels, including Hawala, for funding terrorist activities in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).
For more information: Click here to read…

Security forces eliminated three JeM terrorists in Baramulla

On 25 May 2022, security forces killed three Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorists at Najibhat crossing in Kreeri area of Baramulla district in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). During the gun-battle with terrorists, a constable of J&K police— Mudasir Khan attained Veergati. Security forces recovered incriminating material, including arms and ammunition, from the operation site.
For more information: Click here to read… ; Click here to read…

Security forces cracked a module and arrested eight JeM OGWs from Pulwama

Security forces, including Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) police, cracked a module and arrested eight Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) Over-Ground Workers (OGWs)— i) Mushtaq Ahmad Dar, ii) Ishfaq Ahmad Dar, iii) Manzoor Ahmad Dar, iv) Fayaz Ahmad Rather, v) Shabir Ahmed Rather, vi) Mohammad Latief Rather, vii) Sheeraz Ahmad Mir, and viii) Waseem Ahmad Bhat, from Awantipora in Pulwama district.
For more information: Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
Maoist couple surrendered in Chhattisgarh

On 17 May 2022, a Maoist couple— Hurra Kunjam and his wife Budhari Madvi, surrendered before security forces in Dantewada district in Chhattisgarh. The couple was involved in several attacks and together carrying a reward of ₹ 7 lakh. “The couple expressed their disappointment with the hollow Maoist ideology and exploitation of lower-rung cadres by senior Maoist members,” said Superintendent of Police (SP) [Dantewada] — Siddharth Tiwari.
For more information: Click here to read…

Islamic Extremism (excluding J&K)
NIA filed chargesheet against an accused in ‘Ansarullah’ case.

On 25 May 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a supplementary chargesheet against Divan Mujipeer aka Divan, under Section 120-B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Section 13 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A].

The case— RC-16/2019/NIA/DLI relates to the conspiracy hatched by Divan and his associates who had pledged to al-Qa’ida and Islamic State (IS) and had formed a module— Ansarullah, while being resident in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The investigation revealed that Divan and other accused— Mohammad Ibrahim, Mohammad Sheikh Maitheen, Meeran Ghani, and Gulam Nabi Asath, formed Ansarullah cell in the UAE with intentions to establish Islamic caliphate in India, mainly in Tamil Nadu, through jihad.
For more information: Click here to read…

Sufi Islamic Board claimed ‘PFI part of al-Qa’ida’ and reiterated demand to ban the PFI.

The Sufi Islamic Board in India claimed that the radical outfit— Popular Front of India (PFI) is operating on direction of al-Qa’ida. “The PFI has been involved in several anti-India activities. After al-Qa’ida’s death threat to the Sufi Islamic Board, it is evident that the PFI is a part of al-Qa’ida. We (the Board) appeal to the Central government to ban PFI and take stringent action against the extremist organisation (PFI),” said the Sufi Islamic Board spokesperson Kashish Warsi.
For more information: Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
“Pro-Khalistan group member involved in the ‘bomb near Chandigarh Model jail’ incident”: Police.

The police investigation into the case of recovery of a bomb near Chandigarh Model jail in Sector 51, in April 2022, has revealed the involvement of Jaswinder Singh Multani— a Sikh For Justice (SFJ) member. The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is likely to take over the case. Multani (45 years-old) was also the mastermind of the 2021 Ludhiana court blast case and was arrested in Germany in December 2021.

Along with his associates in Pakistan, Multani was involved in radicalising Sikh youth and conspiring attacks in Delhi and Mumbai as well.
For more information: Click here to read…

“Pakistan’s ISI instructed Khalistani OGWs to target railway tracks in Punjab and other States”: Indian intelligence agencies.

According to the Indian intelligence officials, Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) Directorate has instructed Khalistani Over-Ground Workers (OGWs) to target railway tracks in Punjab. For the purpose, the ISI has been offering huge funding to OGWs with coordination from Khalistani terrorist— Harvinder Singh Rinda, who is hiding in Lahore, Pakistan.
For more information: Click here to read…

Fake Indian Currency Note (FICN) cases
NIA Special Court (Kolkata) convicted and sentenced three FICN traffickers in ‘FICN seizure in Farakka’ case.

On 21 May 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court, Kolkata, convicted and sentenced three Fake Indian Currency Note (FICN) traffickers— i) Jakir S K, ii) Bapi Ghosh, and iii) Mohammad Jamiul S K, under Sections 120-B, 489-B, 489-C of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and awarded 05 years rigorous imprisonment and fine of ₹ 10,000 to each trafficker.

The case— RC-10/2019/NIA/DLI is related to the recovery of FICNs worth of ₹ 7,00,000 (7 lacs) in denomination of ₹ 2,000 (300 counts), and ₹ 500 (200 counts) from the possession of Jakir S K and Bapi Ghosh by West Bengal police at Ballalpur Belly bridge, Murshidabad district, West Bengal.
For more information: Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 March 2022

DEFENCE

  • 19th edition of India-US Military Cooperation Group.
  • Sea Phase of MILAN 2022.
  • Four projects offered to the Indian Industry for design & development under Make-I category.
  • Virtual summit of Quad leaders.
  • Postponement of DefExpo 2022.
  • Four-day Indo-Pacific Military Health Exchange (IPMHE) conference.
  • Ninth Edition of India – Sri Lanka Bilateral Maritime Exercise SLINEX.
  • Chief of Army Australia along with four member delegation is visiting India from 08 to 11 March 2022.
  • Exercise Dharma Guardian-2022 Culminates at Belgaum (Karnataka).
  • 5th NSA Level Meeting of the Colombo Security Conclave.
  • 18 platforms identified for industry led Design & Development.
  • Accidental firing of missile.
  • 15th round China-India Corps Commander Level Meeting.
  • Chair of Excellence in memory Gen Bipin Rawat at the United Service Institution of India (USI).

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Guinea
  • US sanctioned two Hizbu’llah financiers in Guinea.
Nigeria
  • Former Boko Haram terrorists graduated from de-radicalisation programme: Nigerian authorities.
Afghanistan
  • IS-KP terrorist of Indian origin killed in Afghanistan.
Pakistan
  • At least 56 people died in a suicide bomb attack during Friday prayers in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
  • Unidentified terrorists killed a village Sarpanch in Srinagar.
  • NIA official searched different locations in Kashmir in connection with terror-funding.
  • Two people killed in a grenade blast in Srinagar.
  • One killed in an explosion outside district court complex in Udhampur.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • Police unearthed explosive dump in Telangana.
  • Police arrested a Maoist from Bihar.
  • Police arrested two Maoists, including a key leader, from Assam.
Khalistan-inspired Extremism
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against six Khalistani terrorists in Punjab bomb blast case.
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against five Khalistani terrorists in case of smuggling of narcotics, weapons and explosives across the India-Pakistan International Border.
Islamic Extremism
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against two IS terrorists in ‘Voice of Hind’ case.
  • NIA searched a location in connection with IS-KP case.
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against two HuT terrorists in ‘Madurai Iqbal HuT’ case.
Narcotics Trafficking
  • NIA filed charge-sheet against 16 Narcotic traffickers in ‘Mundra Port, Gujarat’ case.
  • Police arrested drug trafficker from Poonch.
Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) Cases
  • NIA arrested a FICN trafficker from IGI airport, Delhi.
DEFENCE
19th edition of India-US Military Cooperation Group.

The 19th edition of India-US Military Cooperation Group (MCG) meeting was held in Agra, Uttar Pradesh on March 01-02, 2022. The meeting was co-chaired by Chief of Integrated Defence Staff to the Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee (CISC) Air Marshal BR Krishna from the Indian side and Deputy Commander, US Indo-Pacific Command Lieutenant General Stephen D Sklenka from the US side. The discussions focussed on strengthening the ongoing defence engagements between the two sides and mulled on new initiatives under the ambit of existing cooperation mechanism.
The India-US MCG is a forum established to progress defence cooperation between the countries through regular talks at the strategic and operational levels between Headquarters, Integrated Defence Staff and the US Indo-Pacific Command.
For more information: Click here to read…

Sea Phase of MILAN 2022.

The sea phase of the 11th edition of MILAN which witnessed participation of 26 ships, one submarine and 21 aircraft, culminated on 04 Mar 22. A series exercises were undertaken in all three dimensions of naval operations to enhance compatibility, interoperability, mutual understanding and maritime cooperation amongst the partner Navies.
For more information: Click here to read…

Four projects offered to the Indian Industry for design & development under Make-I category.

Ministry of Defence (MoD), has offered four projects to the Indian Industry for design & development under Make-I category of Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020. The industry will be provided financial support for prototype development of these projects. The list of projects which were accorded ‘Approval In-Principle (AIP)’ by Collegiate Committee of MoD is as follow:

  • Indian Air Force: Communication Equipment with Indian Security Protocols (Routers, Switches, Encryptors, VoIP Phones and their software)
  • Indian Air Force: Airborne Electro Optical pod with Ground Based System
  • Indian Air Force: Airborne Stand-off Jammer
  • Indian Army: Indian Light Tank
  • In addition, AIP has also been accorded to following five projects under industry-funded Make-II procedure:
  • Indian Air Force: Full Motion Simulator for Apache Helicopter
  • Indian Air Force: Full Motion Simulator for Chinook Helicopter
  • Indian Air Force: Wearable Robotic Equipment for Aircraft Maintenance
  • Indian Army: Integrated Surveillance and Targeting System for Mechanised Forces
  • Indian Army: Autonomous Combat Vehicle

For more information: Click here to read…

Virtual summit of Quad leaders.

Prime Minister participated on 03 March 2022, at a virtual summit of Quad leaders, along with US President Joe Biden, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida. The meeting reviewed the progress on Quad initiatives since the September 2021 Quad Summit. The leaders agreed on accelerating cooperation, with an objective to achieve concrete outcomes by the summit in Japan later this year.

Prime Minister underlined that the Quad must remain focused on its core objective of promoting peace, stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific region. He called for concrete and practical forms of cooperation within the Quad, in areas like Humanitarian and Disaster Relief, debt sustainability, supply chains, clean energy, connectivity, and capacity-building.

Developments in Ukraine were discussed in the meeting, including its humanitarian implications. The Prime Minister emphasised the need to return to a path of dialogue and diplomacy.

The leaders also discussed other topical issues, including the situation in Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean region and the Pacific Islands. Prime Minister reiterated the importance of adhering to the UN Charter, international law and respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity.
For more information: Click here to read…

Postponement of DefExpo 2022.

Due to logistics problems being experienced by participants, the DefExpo 2022 proposed to be held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat from March 10th till March 14th was postponed. The new dates would be communicated in due course.
For more information: Click here to read…

Four-day Indo-Pacific Military Health Exchange (IPMHE) conference.

Raksha Mantri (RM) virtually inaugurated, on March 07, 2022, the four-day Indo-Pacific Military Health Exchange (IPMHE) conference co-hosted by Armed Forces Medical Services (AFMS) and US Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM). The theme of the conference is ‘Military Healthcare in a Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous (VUCA) World’. The conference, which will continue till March 10, 2022, aims to enhance cooperation and jointmanship in military medicine. It will cover many important topics including operational/combat medical care, tropical medicine, field surgery, field anaesthesia, aviation & marine medicine emergencies etc.

The conference is attended by more than 600 Indian and foreign delegates from over 38 countries. A delegation of 20 members from the organising committee of the USINDOPACOM is in New Delhi to co-host the conference. The delegates and speakers will interact and share experiences over the four days on 110 topics.
For more information: Click here to read…

Ninth Edition of India – Sri Lanka Bilateral Maritime Exercise SLINEX.

SLINEX was conducted from 07 to 10 Mar 22 at Visakhapatnam. The inter-operability achieved over the years as a result of such exercises has proved to be operationally beneficial for both the navies. The present edition of the exercise has further strengthened ties between the two Maritime neighbours and helped in improving interoperability.
For more information: Click here to read…

Chief of Army Australia along with four member delegation is visiting India from 08 to 11 March 2022.

Chief of Army Australia along with four member delegation is visiting India from 08 to 11 March 2022. On 09 March 2022, the Australian Army Chief laid a wreath at the National War Memorial and received a ceremonial Guard of Honour at the South Block. Lt Gen Richard Burr called on the Chief of Army Staff, Chief of Naval Staff, Chief of Air Staff and other senior military officers. Both Chiefs exchanged views on the current global situation and the situation in Indo-Pacific in addition to discussing measures for enhancing defence cooperation between both armies. The General also addressed the faculty and participants of the prestigious National Defence College and later interacted on regional security perspectives with the Vice Chief of Army Staff and the Director at Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS), New Delhi. The visiting Australian Army Chief will be visiting Indian Army formations and units deployed along Western Borders on 10 and 11 March 2022.
For more information: Click here to read…

Exercise Dharma Guardian-2022 Culminates at Belgaum (Karnataka).

Ex DHARMA GUARDIAN-2022, an annual exercise between Indian Army and Japanese Ground Self Defence Force which commenced on 27 February 2022 at Foreign Training Node, Belgaum successfully culminated on 10 March 2022 after twelve days of intense joint military training, providing an unique opportunity of achieving synergy between Armed Forces of both the Nations which is focused towards strengthening the timeless bonds of India – Japan friendship.
For more information: Click here to read…

5th NSA Level Meeting of the Colombo Security Conclave.

Delegations of the founding members of Colombo Security Conclave; Maldives, India and Sri Lanka, and the newest member of the Conclave, Mauritius, successfully concluded the 5th National Security Adviser level meeting held on 09 – 10 March 2022 in Maldives. Delegations from Bangladesh and Seychelles participated as Observers. Key areas of cooperation to enhance and strengthen regional security wereidentified in the following five pillars:
• Maritime Safety and Security
• Countering Terrorism and Radicalisation
• Combating Trafficking and Transnational Organised Crime
• Cyber Security, Protection of Critical Infrastructure and Technology
• Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief
For more information:
Click here to read…

18 platforms identified for industry led Design & Development.

In-sync with the announcement in the Union Budget 2022-23 that allocated 25% of Defence R & D Budget for industry led R & D, 18 major platforms have been identified by the Ministry of Defence for industry led Design & Development under various routes. Some of them on the systems on the list are:

Make-I
  • Hypersonic Glide Vehicle
  • Directed Energy Weapons (300 KW and more) [High Powered Electromagnetic Devices and High Powered Laser Devices]
  • Naval Ship Borne Unmanned Aerial System (NSUAS)
  • Light Weight Tank
  • Self-Healing Mine Fields
  • Unmanned Autonomous AI Based Land Robot
  • 127 mm Naval Gun
  • 127 mm Guided Projectile
  • Electric Propulsion (Engines) for Ships
  • Standoff Airborne Jammer
  • Li-ion Cells/ Li-Sulphur Cells [Portable High Capacity Energy Systems replacing the Conventional Hydrocarbons
  • Communication System (AFNET System Switches, routers, Encryptors& VOIP phones)
  • Electro Optical (EO) Pod (with subsequent upgrade to EO/IR) with high resolution sensing
  • ‘Plug and Play’ Housing/ Infrastructure for soldiers posted at extreme altitudes.

For more information: Click here to read…

Accidental firing of missile.

On 9 March 2022, in the course of a routine maintenance, a technical malfunction led to the accidental firing of a missile.
The Government of India has taken a serious view and ordered a high-level Court of Enquiry.
It is learnt that the missile landed in an area of Pakistan. While the incident is deeply regrettable, it is also a matter of relief that there has been no loss of life due to the accident.
Citation: Click here to read…

15th round China-India Corps Commander Level Meeting.

The 15th round China-India Corps Commander Level Meeting was held at Chushul-Moldo border meeting point on the Indian side on 11th March 2022. The two sides carried forward their discussions from the previous round held on 12th January 2022 for the resolution of the relevant issues along the LAC in the Western Sector. They had a detailed exchange of views in this regard, in keeping with the guidance provided by the State Leaders to work for the resolution of the remaining issues at the earliest.
For more information: Click here to read…

Chair of Excellence in memory Gen Bipin Rawat at the United Service Institution of India (USI).

On the eve of the 65th birthday of late Chief of Defence Staff, General Bipin Rawat, the Indian Army has dedicated a Chair of Excellence in his memory at the United Service Institution of India (USI). A cheque of Rs 5 lakhs was handed over to Maj Gen BK Sharma (retd), Director, USI which will be paid as honorarium to the nominated Chair of Excellence.
For more information: Click here to read…

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

Africa
Guinea
US sanctioned two Hizbu’llah financiers in Guinea.

On 04 March 2022, the United States (US) Department of Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) designated two Hizbu’llah financiers and prominent Lebanese businessmen— Ali Saade and Ibrahim Taher under Executive Order (EO) 13224. The EO-13224 targets terrorists, leaders, and officials of terrorist groups, and those providing support to terrorists or acts of terrorism.

Ali Saade, connected with Hizbu’llah supporter Kassim Tajideen, initiated money transfers from Guinea to Lebanon. Taher has been identified as one of the most known financiers of Hizbu’llah and believed to employ several people affiliated with the terror group within Guinea. According to the US Department of Treasury’s statement, “the new sanctions are aimed at disrupting Hizbu’llah’s business network in West Africa and exposing businessmen who support Hizbu’llah’s destabilising activities through bribes and other corrupt methods.”
For more information:
Click here to read…

Nigeria
Former Boko Haram terrorists graduated from de-radicalisation programme: Nigerian authorities.

According to the Nigerian authorities, 559 former Boko Haram terrorists have graduated a military-run de-radicalisation programme and likely to re-integrated into society. The graduates pledged their allegiance to the Nigerian authorities. The military-run de-radicalisation programme was introduced in 2015 by the Nigerian government and became operational in 2016 as part of counter-terrorism (CT) strategies.

Boko Haram terrorists who voluntarily lay down their arms and surrender to the authorities are given special training, including vocational skills, religious re-orientation and psychological support to de-radicalise them before being reintegrated into the society. So far, total of 1,629 former Boko Haram terrorists have been graduated from the programme.
For more information: Click here to read…

Afghanistan
IS-KP terrorist of Indian origin killed in Afghanistan.

In a recent issue of a Islamic State (IS) publication— Voice of Khurasan, the terror group informed that an operative of Islamic State-Khurasan Province (IS-KP)— Najeeb al-Hindi (nom de guerre) has died fighting in Afghanistan, apparently in a suicide attack. The publication described “Najeeb” as a 23-year-old “engineering (M. Tech) student from Kerala” in an article about his death.

The article did not provide any further details about the death, including timeline when he was killed. According to the article, “Najeeb” had come to Khurasan “all the way from India” on his own when it was difficult to do hijra on those days. He met with other fighters who came from his hometown and lived as a bachelor in a guest room.
For more information: Click here to read…

Pakistan
At least 56 people died in a suicide bomb attack during Friday prayers in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

On 04 March 2022, at least 56 people were killed and 194 were injured in a suicide bomb attack inside a Shia Muslim Mosque during Friday prayers in Peshawar district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The Islamic State (IS) claimed responsibility and threatened more such attacks against Pakistan’s Shia minority. “Before the explosion, the attacker opened fire on police personnel deployed outside the mosque. A police officer was martyred and other was injured during the gunfight. The attacker ran inside the mosque and detonated his explosive vest,” said Peshawar Police Chief— Muhammad Ejaz Khan.
For more information: Click here to read…

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
Unidentified terrorists killed a village Sarpanch in Srinagar.

On 09 March 2022, unidentified terrorists killed a village chief or Sarpanch – Sameer Ahmad Bhat, Sarpanch of Khanmoh village in Srinagar district of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). Bhat is the second Panchayat member killed by terrorists in a week. Bhat was rushed to a hospital but succumbed to injuries during his treatment.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA official searched different locations in Kashmir in connection with terror-funding.

On 09 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials carried out searches at various locations in Baramulla and Srinagar districts of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), in connection with terror-funding investigation. In a joint search operation with police and CRPF personnel, the NIA officials raided premises of several members of Jamaat-e-Islami (JeI) organisation. The JeI is a banned organisation under Section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.

“The JeI members have been collecting funds, domestically and internationally, through donations particularly in form of Zakat (charity), Mowda and Bait ul-Mal, to further charity and other welfare activities; however, these funds are instead being used for violent and secessionist activities. The funds raised by JeI are also being channelised to terror groups, including Hizbul-Mujahideen (HM), Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), through well organised networks of JeI cadres,” said the NIA spokesperson.
For more information: Click here to read…

Two people killed in a grenade blast in Srinagar.

On 06 March 2022, two people, including a 19-year-old girl, were killed, while 33 others were injured in a grenade blast at the Hari Singh Street in Srinagar. “At about 04:20 pm, terrorists hurled a grenade upon police and security forces personnel deployed at the Hari Singh Street,” said a police official. The area had been cordoned off and a hunt operation was launched to nab the perpetrators.

“Three-four cells were busted in last few days. Those involved in the grenade attack have been identified and the case will be solved soon. In 2021, 85 such modules involved in civilian killings and grenade-throwing incidents, were busted; while six modules were neutralised in Jammu and Kishtwar area in Jammu,” said Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Director-General of Police (DGP) Dilbag Singh.
For more information: Click here to read…

One killed in an explosion outside district court complex in Udhampur.

On 09 March 2022, one person was killed, and 13 others were injured in an explosion outside the district court complex in Udhampur district in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) and Jammu & Kashmir police personnel reached the incident site and started the investigation. The primarily investigation revealed that it was an Improvised Explosive Device (IED) blast.
For more information: Click here to read…

Left-Wing Extremism
Police unearthed explosive dump in Telangana.

Acting on reliable inputs, a joint team of police and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel carried out a search operation on 05 March 2022 and found explosives concealed in a drum, which belongs to Maoists, in the reserve forest area of Medaram village in Mulugu district of Telangana. The security forces personnel recovered 74 gelatine sticks, four detonators, one wire bundle, and three plastic sheets from the drum.
For more information: Click here to read…

Police arrested a Maoist from Bihar.

In a joint operation, on 07 March 2022, the Aurangabad police, CRPF, and the Composite Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA), arrested a Maoist— Mithilish Mehta, from Gaya district in Bihar. “Mithilish was involved in several gun-battles between Police and Maoists in Jharkhand in 2001. He was involved in blowing up a government school building in February 2020 at Sondaha village in Gaya. Mithilish was also involved in an attack on police patrol team at Jhajhi village in Gaya district in April 2020,” said Gaya Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) Harpreet Kaur.
For more information: Click here to read…

Police arrested two Maoists, including a key leader, from Assam.

On 06 March 2022, the Assam police arrested two Maoists, including a key leader— Kanchan Da (72-year-old), from Patimara tea garden area in Cachar district in Assam. “For the last two months, police have been running operations to arrest Kanchan Da. On 06 March, police officials managed to trace and arrest Kanchan Da. There are about 200 cases registered against Kanchan Da in different parts of India, with rewards of about ₹ 3 crore,” said Guwahati City Police Commissioner— Harmeet Singh. Police recovered a laptop, mobile phone, Maoist literature, and ₹ 3.60 lakh from Kanchan’s possession.
For more information: Click here to read…

Khalistan-inspired Extremism
NIA filed charge-sheet against six Khalistani terrorists in Punjab bomb blast case.

On 15 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed chargesheet against six Khalistani terrorists— i) Sukhwinder Singh, ii) Parveen Singh, iii) Gurpreet Singh, iv) Ranjit Singh, v) Habib Khan (Pakistani national), and vi) Lakhbir Singh Rode, under Sections 3, 4, 5, and 6 of Explosive Substances Act, Sections 21B, 27A, and 29 of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, Sections 16, 17, 18, 18B, 20, 38, and 39 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A], and Section 120B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

The case—RC-24/2021/NIA/DLI pertains to bomb blast in Jalalabad town in Fazilka district of Punjab on 15 September 2021. The case investigation revealed that Lakhbir Singh Rode, a self-styled chief of International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF) and his associates carried out multiple explosions in various locations in Punjab. Following directives from Rode, Habib Khan had radicalised and recruited other two Khalistani terrorists—Balwinder Singh and Sukhwinder Singh, and motivated them to plant bombs using IEDs (tiffin-bombs) smuggled from Pakistan. Prior to the blast in Jalalabad town, the chargesheetKhalistani terrorists had set ablaze few shops in Ferozepur city in Punjab.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA filed charge-sheet against five Khalistani terrorists in case of smuggling of narcotics, weapons and explosives across the India-Pakistan International Border.

On 04 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed charge-sheet against five Khalistani terrorists— i) Harmesh Singh, ii) Darvesh Singh, iii) Gurmukh Singh, iv) Gagandeep Singh, and v) Lakhbir Singh Rode, in connection with smuggling of narcotics, arms, and explosives from Pakistan via drones.

The case—RC-31/2021/NIA/DLI, investigation revealed that charge-sheeted terrorists had smuggled illegal consignments of narcotics, arms, ammunition, and explosives from Pakistan to carry out terrorist activities in India. Till now, five terrorists in the case have been arrested while Lakhbir Singh Rode is absconding.
For more information: Click here to read…

Islamic Extremism
NIA filed charge-sheet against two IS terrorists in ‘Voice of Hind’ case.

On 11 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed a supplementary charge-sheet against two Islamic State (IS) terrorists— i) Afshan Parvaiz Jarabi, and ii) Tawheed Latief Sofi, before the NIA Special Court, Delhi, under Sections 120B, 124A, 153A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and Sections 18, 38, and 39 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A].

On 29 June 2021, the NIA registered case—RC-14/2021/NIA/DLI regarding a conspiracy by Islamic State (IS) to radicalise Muslim youth from India to wage jihad against the State. To further the objective, an online campaign was launched which was supplemented by on-ground terror financing activities. The case was registered against cyber entity Qasim Khurasani and his associates.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA searched a location in connection with IS-KP case.

On 07 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials carried out a search operation at the residence of Talha Khan, a suspect in ‘Islamic State-Khurasan Province (IS-KP)’ case, in Pune, Maharashtra.

The case—RC-11/2020/NIA/DLI relates with the arrest of Jahanzaib Sami Wami and his wife—Hina Bashir Beigh, from OkhlaVihar, Jamia Nagar in Delhi. Till now, six Islamic State (IS) operatives have been charge-sheeted in the same case for conspiring to disseminate ideology of IS, establishing modules, making IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices), and execute target killings. During the search, the NIA officials recovered incriminating documents and digital devices for further examination.
For more information: Click here to read…

NIA filed chargesheet against two HuT terrorists in ‘Madurai Iqbal HuT’ case.

On 14 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) filed supplementary charge-sheet against two Hizbut-Tahrir (HuT) terrorists— i) Bava Bahrudeen, and Ziyavudeen Baqavi, in ‘Madurai Iqbal HuT’ case.

The case—RC-08/2021/NIA/DLI, investigation revealed that the duo are HuT operatives which is affiliated with Islamic State (IS). Both terrorists were engaged in radicalising and recruiting youth, and to enforce a draft constitution written by radical Islamic preacher—Taqi al-Din al-Nabhani, founder of HuT. Both terrorists had also conspired to formed new modules in various districts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala through social media platforms, in order to spread the ideology of HuT.
For more information: Click here to read…

Police arrested drug trafficker from Poonch.

On 09 March 2022, the district police arrested— Kamlesh Kumar, a drug trafficker, from Mendhar area in Poonch district, and recovered 1.9 kg of marijuana from his possession. District police are taking effective measures against those involved in network of narcotic substances. The police have also requested general public of Poonch district to come forward and report the illegal business/network of drugs.
For more information: Click here to read…

Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICNs) Cases
NIA arrested a FICN trafficker from IGI airport, Delhi.

On 04 March 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials arrested a FICN (Fake Indian Currency Note) trafficker—Abdul Wahid aka Saddam, from Indira Gandhi International (IGI) airport in Delhi.

The case— RC-05/2022/NIA/DLI pertains to the seizure of FICNs worth ₹ 10 lakhs and 175 grams gold worth ₹ 8.5 lakhs, at Terminal-3 of IGI airport, Delhi by Customs officials from another accused— Mohammad Shahjan on 12 January 2022. Initial investigation revealed that Abdul Wahid is an active operative of a network involved in smuggling of FICNs and gold into India. Earlier, two people have been arrested by the NIA in same case.
For more information: Click here to read…

VIF News Digest: National Security – Defence Studies & Terrorism, 15-28 February 2022

DEFENCE

  • Preparations of Def Expo 2022.
  • President’s Fleet Review.
  • Indian Air Force’s Eastern Bridge-VI exercise.
  • Humanitarian Assistance to Afghanistan.
  • Indian Air Force will participate in a multi nation air exercise named ‘Ex Cobra Warrior 22’ at Waddington, UK from 06 to 27 March 2022.
  • Multilateral exercise MILAN 2022.
  • Phone call between Prime Minister Modi and President Putin of the Russian Federation.
  • Scientists demonstrate Quantum Key Distribution between two cities 100 kilometres apart.
  • Contract with M/s Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for the retro-modification of Commander Sight of Battle Tanks-T-90.
  • Joint military exercise, “EX DHARMA GUARDIAN-2022”, between India and Japan.
    Prime Minister speaks to President Zelenskyy of Ukraine.
  • Discussions on the modalities and structural framework for the creation of Integrated Theatre Commands.
  • Chief of Navy, Royal Australian Navy visit to India from 25 – 28 Feb 22.
  • Cdr PACFLT, US Navy visit to India from 25 – 28 Feb 22.
  • Prime Minister chairs high level meeting to review Operation Ganga

INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

West Asia
  • IAF flies over Beirut after drone entered Israel; Hizbu’llah claimed responsibility.
Africa
Somalia
  • “Al-Shabaab spend USD 24 million on weapons in 2021”: claimed Somalia-based research group.
  • At least 13 people killed in a suicide bomb attack in Hirshabelle State.
Afghanistan
  • US General McKenzie expressed concerns over presence of IS in Afghanistan.

DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Jammu and Kashmir
  • Security forces arrested two terrorists from Pulwama and Srinagar.
  • NIA searched multiple locations in J&K and Rajasthan in connection with ‘J&K terrorism conspiracy’ case.
  • NIA arrested an accused in LeT OGW case.
  • Security forces arrested a JeM terrorist from Kupwara.
  • SIA arrested 10 JeM terrorists from different locations in Jammu and Kashmir.
Left-Wing Extremism
  • NIA conducted searches at multiple locations in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in connection with PLGA recruitment case.
  • Security forces arrested nine Maoists from Jharkhand.
  • NIA arrested an explosive supplier in case related to an attack on Police party in Jharkhand.
  • Security forces found arms and Maoist literature in Odisha.
  • Khalistan-inspired Extremism
    • Police arrested three men for ties with pro-Khalistan groups, from Haryana.
    • Ministry of Information & Broadcasting blocks “Punjab Politics TV” for its ties to pro-Khalistan group.
    Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) Cases
    • NIA Special Court (Kolkata) convicted and sentenced a FICN trafficker.
    DEFENCE
    Ministry of Defence allocation in Union Budget 2022-23.

    In the budget announcement for the financial year 2022-2023, Ministry of Defence has been allocated a total budget of Rs 5.25 lakh crore, which is 13.31% of the total budget. The total Defence Budget represents an enhancement of Rs 46,970 crore (9.82%) over Budget Estimates 2021-22.

    In the Union Budget, the Capital Allocations pertaining to modernisation and infrastructure development of Armed Forces has been increased to Rs 1.52 lakh crore. In order to give push to indigenous Domestic Enterprises under the ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’, the share of domestic capital procurement, which was earmarked at 64% in 2021-22, has been enhanced to 68% of the Capital Acquisition Budget of the Defence Services. Defence R&D will be opened up for industry, start-ups and academia with 25 per cent of defence R&D budget earmarked. Private industry will be encouraged to take up design and development of military platforms and equipment in collaboration with DRDO and other organizations through SPV model.

    The Capital segment of the MoD (Civil) budget catering to organisations such as Indian Coast Guard (ICG), Border Roads Organisation (BRO) and Directorate General Defence Estates (DGDE) etc has also seen a notable jump of 55.60%. The Capital Budget of Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has been increased by 40% to Rs 3,500 crore in FY 2022-23 vis-à-vis Rs 2,500 crore in FY 2021-22. This will expedite the progress of creation of border infrastructure including important tunnels (Sela and Naechiphu tunnel) and bridges on major river gaps.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Preparations of Def Expo 2022.

    Raksha Mantri (RM) reviewed, in New Delhi on February 18, 2022, the preparations of DefExpo-2022, Asia’s largest exhibition on land, naval and homeland security systems, to be held in Gandhinagar, Gujarat in March. The event is being organised as one of the largest defence international exhibitions of the world. There has been greater domestic and international interest in this 12th edition of DefExpo, so far 78 participating nations, 39 Minister Level delegations with other confirmations to be received in the days ahead and 1000+ registered exhibitors for the mega event. Foreign Defence Ministers confirmations are also being received and are comparable with the previous edition of the event which was held in February 2020 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    President’s Fleet Review.

    The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind reviewed the Indian Navy Fleet at Visakhapatnam on 21 Feb 22. With the theme ‘75 years in Service of the Nation,’ Indian Navy showcased its latest state-of-art indigenously built combat platforms during the 12th edition of the Fleet Review which was also conducted as part of the 75th anniversary of India’s Independence being celebrated as ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’.
    After a 21-Gun Salute and Ceremonial Guard of Honour, the President embarked on the Presidential yacht, INS Sumitra, an indigenously built Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel designated as the Presidential yacht. The President sailed past 44 ships from the Navy, Coast Guard, SCI and MoES lined up in four columns at anchorage off Visakhapatnam.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Indian Air Force’s Eastern Bridge-VI exercise.

    The Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) are scheduled to participate in a bilateral exercise named Eastern Bridge-VI from 21 to 25 February 2022 at Air Force Station Jodhpur. This would be the sixth edition of the exercise. It will provide an opportunity to enhance operational capability and interoperability between the two Air Forces.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Humanitarian Assistance to Afghanistan.

    In response to appeals made by the United Nations for humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan, the Government of India has decided to gift 50,000 MT of wheat to the people of Afghanistan. The supply will be effected by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) and transported from ICP Attari (India) to Jalalabad (Afghanistan) by Afghan transporters. In a ceremony held at Amritsar on 22 February, 2022, Foreign Secretary Shri Harsh Vardhan Shringla along with Afghan Ambassador Mr. Farid Mamundzay and World Food Program Country Director Mr. Bishaw Parajuli, flagged off the first convoy of 50 trucks carrying 2500 MT of wheat assistance from India to Afghanistan via Pakistan. The shipment is part of the commitment made by the Government of India to supply 50,000 MT of wheat for the people of Afghanistan.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Indian Air Force will participate in a multi nation air exercise named ‘Ex Cobra Warrior 22’ at Waddington, UK from 06 to 27 March 2022.

    Indian Air Force will participate in a multi nation air exercise named ‘Ex Cobra Warrior 22’ at Waddington, UK from 06 to 27 March 2022. Five Tejas aircraft will fly to the United Kingdom. IAF C-17 aircraft will provide the necessary transport support for induction and de-induction.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Multilateral exercise MILAN 2022.

    The latest edition of Indian Navy’s multilateral exercise MILAN 2022 is scheduled to commence from 25 Feb 22 in Visakhapatnam. MILAN 22 is being conducted over a duration of 9 days in two phases with the harbour phase scheduled from 25 to 28 February and Sea Phase from 01 to 04 March. The theme of the MILAN 2022 exercise is ‘Camaraderie – Cohesion – Collaboration’ which aims to project India as a responsible maritime power to the world at large. The aim of the exercise is to hone operational skills, imbibe best practices and procedures, and enable doctrinal learning in the maritime domain, through professional interaction between friendly navies. MILAN 22 will witness its largest ever participation, with more than 40 countries sending their warships/ high level delegations. This edition of MILAN would be larger in ‘scope and complexity’ with focus on exercises at sea including exercises in surface, sub-surface and air domains and weapon firings.
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    Phone call between Prime Minister Modi and President Putin of the Russian Federation.

    In a telephonic conversation President Putin briefed Prime Minister about the recent developments regarding Ukraine. Prime Minister reiterated his long-standing conviction that the differences between Russia and the NATO group can only be resolved through honest and sincere dialogue. Prime Minister appealed for an immediate cessation of violence, and called for concerted efforts from all sides to return to the path of diplomatic negotiations and dialogue. Prime Minister also sensitised the Russian President about India’s concerns regarding the safety of the Indian citizens in Ukraine, especially students, and conveyed that India attaches the highest priority to their safe exit and return to India.
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    Scientists demonstrate Quantum Key Distribution between two cities 100 kilometres apart.

    A joint team of scientists from Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, for the first time in the country successfully demonstrated Quantum Key Distribution link between Prayagraj and Vindhyachal in Uttar Pradesh, a distance of more than 100 kilometres. This technological breakthrough was achieved over a commercial grade optical fibre already available in field. With this success, the country has demonstrated indigenous technology of secure key transfer for bootstrapping military grade communication security key hierarchy. The performance parameters have been measured and have been found to be repetitively within the reported international standards at sifted key rates of up to 10 KHz. This technology will enable security agencies to plan a suitable quantum communication network with indigenous technology backbone.
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    Contract with M/s Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for the retro-modification of Commander Sight of Battle Tanks-T-90.

    Providing a further boost to the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government of India in the Defence Sector, the Acquisition Wing of the Ministry of Defence has today signed a contract for Rs. 1075 crore with M/s Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for the retro-modification of Commander Sight of Battle Tanks-T-90. The retro-modification will be carried out in 957 T-90 tanks of the Indian Army. The new retro-modified Commander sight employs a thermal imager capable of detecting the targets at 8 Kms during day and night and a Laser Ranger Finder (LRF) to find the ranges accurately up to 5 Kms, thereby enhancing its capability to engage target at longer ranges.
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    Joint military exercise, “EX DHARMA GUARDIAN-2022”, between India and Japan.

    A joint military exercise, “EX DHARMA GUARDIAN-2022”, between India and Japan will be conducted at Foreign Training Node, Belagavi (Belgaum, Karnataka) from 27 February 2022 to 10 March 2022. Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN-2022 is an annual training event which is being conducted in India since 2018. Notably, in the series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries, Exercise DHARMA GUARDIAN with Japan is crucial and significant in terms of security challenges faced by both nations in the backdrop of current global situation. The scope of this exercise covers platoon level joint training on operations in jungle and semi urban/urban terrain.
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    Prime Minister speaks to President Zelenskyy of Ukraine.

    President Zelenskyy briefed the Prime Minister in detail about the ongoing conflict situation in Ukraine. Prime Minister expressed his deep anguish about the loss of life and property due to the ongoing conflict. He reiterated his call for an immediate cessation of violence and a return to dialogue, and expressed India’s willingness to contribute in any way towards peace efforts. Prime Minister also conveyed India’s deep concern for the safety and security of Indian citizens, including students, present in Ukraine. He sought facilitation by Ukrainian authorities to expeditiously and safely evacuate Indian citizens.
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    Discussions on the modalities and structural framework for the creation of Integrated Theatre Commands.

    Tri-services discussions on the modalities and structural framework for the creation of Integrated Theatre Commands for the Indian Armed Forces were held under the aegis of Western Naval Command at Mumbai. This is yet another milestone towards building jointness and enhancing organisational synergy among the three Services. A total of nine Commanders-in-Chief from the Indian Army, Navy, Air Force and ANC, came together for a high-level meeting to discuss and deliberate on various aspects related to setting up of the Integrated Maritime Theatre Command.
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    Chief of Navy, Royal Australian Navy visit to India from 25 – 28 Feb 22.

    VAdm Michael Noonan, Chief of Navy, Royal Australian Navy called on Adm R Hari Kumar, Chief of Naval Staff on 28 Feb 22 at New Delhi. CoN RAN had earlier visited Headquarters, Eastern Naval Command (HQENC) at Visakhapatnam from 25 – 28 Feb 22 to participate in Indian Navy’s biennial multilateral naval exercise MILAN 22. The Admiral was also a Guest Speaker during the International Maritime Seminar of MILAN 22. Among issues discussed during the interaction were avenues to strengthen the growing cooperation between the two nations and navies, deal with challenges emerging on the maritime front, and enhance collaboration and interoperability to ensure maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
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    Cdr PACFLT, US Navy visit to India from 25 – 28 Feb 22.

    During the visit of Adm Samuel J Paparo, Cdr PACFLT, US Navy, the Admiral interacted with Adm R Hari Kumar, Chief of the Naval Staff, in addition to other high ranking GoI officials. Among issues discussed during the interaction were avenues to strengthen the growing cooperation between the two navies, deal with challenges emerging on the maritime front, and enhance collaboration and interoperability to ensure maritime security in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Earlierhe visited Headquarters, Eastern Naval Command (HQENC) at Visakhapatnam to participate in Indian Navy’s biennial multilateral naval exercise MILAN 22. The Admiral was also a Guest Speaker during the International Maritime Seminar of MILAN 22.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Prime Minister chairs high level meeting to review Operation Ganga

    The Prime Minister chaired and pointed that the visit of four senior ministers as his Special Envoys to various nations will energize the evacuation efforts. It is reflective of the priority the Government attaches to this matter. The Prime Minister noted that the first consignment of relief supplies to Ukraine to deal with the humanitarian situation on Ukraine’s borders would be despatched tomorrow.
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    INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

    West Asia
    IAF flies over Beirut after drone entered Israel; Hizbu’llah claimed responsibility.

    On 18 February 2022, Hizbu’llah claimed a responsibility for launching a drone into Israel that evaded Israel’s Air Defence before returning to Lebanon. In a statement released, the terror group—Hizbu’llah mentioned that “Hassan” model drone was on a reconnaissance mission and had reached 70 kilometres (43 miles) inside Israel’s territory. “The Islamic resistance launched the Hassan drone into ‘occupied’ Palestinian territory, and it surveyed the area for 40 minutes,” read the statement.

    The Israel Defence Forces (IDF) said that it fired an Iron Dome interceptor missile at the small, unmanned aircraft but missed and also scrambled fighter jets and attack the aircraft, setting of warning sirens across wide swarths of the North.
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    Africa
    Somalia
    “Al-Shabaab spend USD 24 million on weapons in 2021”: claimed Somalia-based research group.

    According to a report by a Somali-based research group—the Hiraal Institute, al-Qa’ida affiliated al-Shabaab spend USD 24 million on purchasing weapons. The report alleged that al-Shabaab has an annual revenue collection of about USD 180 million. “Out of annual planned expenditure of approximately USD 100 million, al-Shabaab’s annual planned expenditure on arms procurement is assessed to be USD 24 million, budgeted monthly at USD 2 million,” read the report. Allegedly, al-Shabaab purchases weapons from local black markets, and arms supplier contracted to buy and deliver weapons from abroad, with Yemen being the country of choice.
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    At least 13 people killed in a suicide bomb attack in Hirshabelle State.

    On 19 February 2022, at least 13 people were killed, and 20 others were wounded after a suicide bomber detonated explosives in a restaurant hosting local officials, in the town of Beledweyne in Hirshabelle State in central Somalia. According to witnesses, a large explosion tore through an open area of the Hassan Dhiff restaurant.
    Despite tight security in Beledweyne, the attack took place amid eve of a first round of voting for parliamentary seats in constituency. “Two deputy district commissioners were among the dead. This was the deadliest attack that I can recall in this town,” said Police officer Mohamud Hassan.
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    Afghanistan
    US General McKenzie expressed concerns over presence of IS in Afghanistan.

    In an interview shared on social media platform—Facebook, on 17 February 2022, the United States (US) Central Command (CentCom) Chief General Kenneth McKenzie expressed concerns over presence of Islamic State (IS) terrorist organisation in Afghanistan. “ISIS…. concerns us in Afghanistan. We know that the Taliban are no friends, particularly ISIS and in fact over the past couple of years, they have occasionally under-taken operations against ISIS,” said Gen McKenzie.

    As reported in Tolo News, the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO)’s Secretary-General Stanislav Zas warned that the re-emergence of foreign terrorist groups, including al-Qa’ida and IS are not only a threat to Afghanistan but to the whole region.
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    DOMESTIC TERRORISM

    Jammu and Kashmir
    Security forces arrested two terrorists from Pulwama and Srinagar.

    On 19 February 2022, Security forces arrested two terrorists in two separate operations in Pulwama and Srinagar districts of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K). In first incident, security forces launched Cordon and Search Operation (CASO) in Rahmoo area in Pulwama district. During the search, a Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorist—Irfan Yousuf Dar was arrested. Incriminating materials, and arms & ammunition, including an AK rifle, a magazine, and 30 rounds, were recovered from Dar’s possession.

    In second incident, in a similar operation in Eidgah area in Srinagar, a Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)/The Resistance Front (TRF) terrorist—Janaid Mushtaq Bhat, was arrested. The preliminary investigation revealed that Bhat had come to Srinagar to carryout terrorist attacks and targeted killings.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    NIA searched multiple locations in J&K and Rajasthan in connection with ‘J&K terrorism conspiracy’ case.

    On 19 February 2022, National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials searched eight locations in Sopore, Kupwara, Shopian, Rajouri, Budgam, Ganderbal of Jammu and Kashmir (J&K), and Jodhpur district of Rajasthan, in connection with ‘Jammu and Kashmir terrorism conspiracy’ case.
    The case— RC-29/2021/NIA/DLI relates to conspiracy of carrying out terrorist acts in J&K and other major cities, including Delhi, by Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM), Hizb ul-Mujahideen (HM), Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), al-Badr, and their affiliate groups—The Resistance Front (TRF) and People Against Fascist Forces (PAFF). As of now, NIA has arrested 28 accused people in the same case.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    NIA arrested an accused in LeT OGW case.
    On 18 February 2022, National Investigation Agency (NIA) arrested an accused—Arvind Digvijay Negi in connection with ‘LeT OGW network’ case.

    The case—RC-30/2021/NIA/DLI relates to the spread of the network of Over-Ground Workers (OGWs) of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), for providing support in conspiring terrorist activities in India. Earlier, six accused persons were arrested in the same case. In the investigation, the role of Arvind Digvijay Negi, IPS, SP posted at Shimla (since repatriated from NIA) was verified and his house was searched. During the search, it was found that the official secret documents of NIA were leaked by Negi to another accused person who is an OGW of LeT.
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    Security forces arrested a JeM terrorist from Kupwara.

    On 21 February 2022, security forces established a checkpoint near Sultanpora Bridge at Zachaldara in Kupwara district. Noticing the presence of security personnel, a person tried to flee but was arrested on the basis of suspicion. Later, the arrested man was identified as Ubaid Bashir Wani, a Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorist. Incriminating materials, arms and ammunition have been seized from Wani’s possession.
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    SIA arrested 10 JeM terrorists from different locations in Jammu and Kashmir.

    On 16 February 2022, State Investigation Agency (SIA) arrested 10 Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorists during the raid at different locations in various districts of central and south Kashmir. “Recently, the SIA constituted a mandate to investigate crimes connected with terrorism and secessionism, conducted overnight raids with focus on JeM network at different locations in various districts in Kashmir,” read the statement released by SIA.

    During searches, cellular phones, SIM cards, records to show the use of banking channels, and even a dummy pistol were seized.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Left-Wing Extremism
    NIA conducted searches at multiple locations in Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in connection with PLGA recruitment case.

    On 25 February 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) officials carried out searches at three locations—Wayanad district in Kerala, and Guntur & Chittor districts in Andhra Pradesh in connection with People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) recruitment case—RC-01/2022/NIA/KOC.

    The case relates to the recruitment of vulnerable youth into the PLGA, an armed wing of CPI (Maoist), and further training them, organising terrorist camps to carry out the activities of CPI (Maoist) and threatening the unity and sovereignty of India.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Security forces arrested nine Maoists from Jharkhand.

    In another phase of a joint operation since 08 February 2022, the Jharkhand Police and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel arrested nine Maoists— i) Balram Oraon (zonal commander), ii) Dashrath Singh Kherwar (sub-zonal commander), iii) Markush Nagesia (area commander), iv) Shaileshwar Oraon, v) Mukesh Korba, vi) Viren Korba, vii) Shailendra Nagesia, viii) Sanjay Nagesia, and ix) Sheela Kherwar, from Bulbul Forest area in Lohardaga district of Jharkhand.

    During the “Operation Double Bull”, the security forces exchanged fire with Maoists on 10 different occasions, busted their hideouts, and also killed a Maoist. From operation site, security forces recovered four weapons, including an American automatic rifle and a carbine, around 1,700 cartridges, 16 Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), codex wire, wireless sets, safety fuse, and several electronic items, and cash worth ₹ 3.27.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Security forces found arms and Maoist literature in Odisha.

    On 20 February 2022, security forces discovered a huge cache of arms and ammunition, along with Maoist literature, in a forest in Malkangiri district in Odisha. “Based on intelligence inputs, security forces launched an operation in Swabhiman anchal, and found arms and ammunition in a forest near Nadmenjeri village along the Odisha-Andhra Pradesh border under the Jodamba police limits,” said Superintendent of Police (SP) Malkangiri—Nitesh Wadhwani.
    For more information: Click here to read…

    Khalistan-inspired Extremism
    Police arrested three men for ties with pro-Khalistan groups, from Haryana.

    On 19 February 2022, Haryana Police arrested three men— i) Sagar, ii) Sunil, and iii) Jatin, from Juan village in Sonipat district of Haryana, for their alleged ties with pro-Khalistan groups. All three were booked under Sections 17, 18, 19, 20, and 21 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act [UA(P)A], along with Section 120B of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), and other relevant Sections of the Arms Act.

    In preliminary investigation, it was found that all three men were receiving funds and arms from overseas to aid terror activities in Punjab and other parts of the country.
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    Ministry of Information & Broadcasting blocks “Punjab Politics TV” for its ties to pro-Khalistan group.

    On 18 February 2022, the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) ordered blocking of applications, websites, and social media accounts of an overseas-based ‘Punjab Politics TV’ for its alleged close links with the proscribed pro-Khalistan organisation—Sikhs For Justice (SFJ).

    According to intelligence inputs, the channel— ‘Punjab Politics TV’ was attempting to use online media platforms to disturb Law & Order situation during the assembly elections in Punjab. Therefore, I&B used emergency powers under the Information Technology (IT) Rules to block the digital media resources of Punjab Politics TV.
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    Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICNs) Cases
    NIA Special Court (Kolkata) convicted and sentenced a FICN trafficker.

    On 28 February 2022, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court, Kolkata, convicted and sentenced a Fake Indian Currency Note (FICN) trafficker— Ketabul S.K., to five years of Rigorous Imprisonment (RI) and ₹ 40,000 fine for commission of offences under Sections 120B, 489B, and 489C of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

    The case—RC-25/2018/NIA/DLI related to the seizure of FICNs with face value of ₹ 1,92,000 on 31 July 2018, from Murshidabad in West Bengal. Other two FICN traffickers have already been convicted by NIA Special Court on 23 December 2021 in the same case.
    For more information: Click here to read…